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Ram Vilas Paswan

Ram Vilas Paswan


Ram Vilas Paswan was born to Late Shri Jamun Paswan and Late Smt. Siya Devi in a Dalit family and hails from from Shaharbanni village in Khagaria district of Bihar.Paswan holds a Bachelor of Laws and a Master of Arts degrees from Kosi College, Pilkhi and Patna University. He was married to Rajkumari Devi in 1960s. In 2014 he disclosed that he had divorced her in 1981, after his Lok Sabha nomination papers were challenged.He has two daughters from first wife, Usha and Asha.In 1983, he married Reena Sharma, an airhostess and a Punjabi Hindu from Amritsar.They have a son and a daughter. His son Chirag Paswan is an actor-turned-politician.

Paswan who belonged to Bihar was a Cabinet Minister of Consumer Affairs, Food and Public Distribution.He Started his political career as member of Samyukta Socialist Party and was elected to the Bihar Legislative Assembly in 1969. Next he joined Lok Dal upon its formation in 1974, and became its general secretary. He opposed the emergency, and was arrested during the period. He entered the Lok Sabha in 1977, as a Janata Party member from Hajipur constituency, was chosen again 1980, 1989, 1996 and 1998,1999,2004, and 2014

He was also the President of the Lok Janshakti Party. He was known to be Eight time Lok Sabha member and former Rajya Sabha MP. In 2000, he formed the Lok Janshakti Party (LJP) as its president. Subsequently, in 2004 he joined the ruling United Progressive Alliance government and remained a Union Minister in Ministry of Chemicals and Fertilizers and Ministry of Steel. He won the 2004 Lok Sabha elections but lost the 2009 elections. After being a member of a Rajya Sabha member from 2010 to 2014, he was elected again to the 16th Lok Sabha in the 2014 Indian general election from Hajipur constituency.

Paswan was elected to the Bihar state legislative assembly in 1969 as a member of the Samyukta Socialist Party ("United Socialist Party") from a reserved constituency. In 1974, as an ardent follower of Raj Narain and Jayaprakash Narayan Paswan became the general secretary of the Lok Dal. He was personally close to the prominent leaders of anti-emergency like Raj Narain, Karpoori Thakur and Satyendra Narayan Sinha. He parted ways with Morarji Desai and joined Janata Party-S led by Lokbandhu Raj Narain as party's president and later as its Chairman. In 1975, when the emergency was proclaimed in India, he was arrested and spent the entire period in jail. On being released in 1977, he became a member of the Janata Party and won election to Parliament for the first time on its ticket, and he held the world record for winning the election by highest margin. He was re-elected to the 7th Lok Sabha in 1980 and 1984 from Hajipur constituency. In 1983, he established the Dalit Sena, an organisation for Dalit emancipation and welfare.

Paswan was re-elected to the 9th Lok Sabha in 1989 and was appointed Union Minister of Labour and Welfare in the Vishwanath Pratap Singh government. In 1996 he even led the ruling alliance or Proposition in the Lok Sabha as the Prime Minister was a member of the Rajya Sabha. This was also the year when he first became the Union Railway Minister. He continued to hold that post till 1998. Thereafter, he was the Union Communications Minister from October 1999 to September 2001 when he was shifted to the Coal Ministry, the portfolio he held till April 2002.

In 2000 Paswan broke from the Janata Dal, to form the Lok Janshakti Party (LJP). Following the 2004 Lok Sabha elections, Paswan joined the United Progressive Alliance government and was made the Union Minister in Ministry of Chemicals and Fertilizers and Ministry of Steel.

In the February 2005 Bihar State elections, Paswan's party LJP along with the Indian National Congress contested the election. The result was that no particular party or alliance could form a government by itself. However, Paswan consistently refused to support either Laloo Yadav, whom he accused of being extremely corrupt or the right-wing National Democratic Alliance thereby creating a stalemate. This stalemate was broken when Nitish Kumar succeeded in persuading 12 members of Paswan's party to defect; to prevent the formation of a government supported by LJP defectors, the Governor of Bihar, Buta Singh dissolved the state legislature and called for fresh elections, keeping Bihar under President's Rule. In the November 2005 Bihar state elections, Paswan's third-alliance was utterly devastated; the Laloo Yadav-Congress alliance reduced to a minority and the NDA formed the new government.

Paswan together with Lalu Prasad Yadav (centre) and Amar Singh (left) at a party rally in Mumbai during the 2009 general elections.
Paswan has declared that the Bihar state elections have no influence on the Central Government, which will continue with both him and Laloo Yadav as ministers. Paswan has served as a Union Minister under five different Prime Ministers and holds the distinction of continuously holding on to a cabinet berth in all the Council of Ministers formed since 1996 (as of 2015). He also holds the distinction of being part of all the national coalitions (the United Front, the National Democratic Alliance and the United Progressive Alliance), which have formed the Indian Government from 1996 to 2015.

For the Indian general election, 2009 Paswan forged an alliance with Lalu Prasad Yadav and his Rashtriya Janata Dal, while dumping their erstwhile coalition partner and leader of the United Progressive Alliance, the Indian National Congress from the new alliance. The duo was later joined by Mulayam Singh's Samajwadi Party and was declared the Fourth Front. He lost the elections from Hajipur to the Janata Dal's Ram Sundar Das, a former Chief Minister of Bihar for the first time in 33 years. His party the Lok Janshakti Party was not able to win any seats in the 15th Lok Sabha, while his coalition partner Yadav and his party too failed to perform well and were reduced to 4 seats.

He was elected as a member of 16th Lok Sabha after the 2014 Indian general election from Hajipur constituency, while his son Chirag Paswan won from Jamui constituency also in Bihar. He breathed his last in Delhi post a brief illness and a heart surgery.

Personal Life

Full Name Ram Vilas Paswan
Date of Birth 05 Jul 1946
Date of Death 08 Oct 2020 (Age 74)
Place of Birth Shaharbanni, Distt. Khagaria (Bihar)
Party name Ljnsp
Education Post Graduate
Profession Social Worker
Father's Name Late Shri Jamun Paswan
Mother's Name Late Smt. Siya Devi
Spouse's Name Smt. Reena Paswan
Spouse's Profession Social Worker
Children 1 Son(s) 3 Daughter(s)


Permanent address Vill. & P.O. Shaharbanni, Mantri Tola Bellahi, Distt. Khagaria-851204, Bihar
Present address 12, Janpath, New Delhi - 110 011
Contact number 01123017681
Email ramvilas.p@sansad.nic.in
Website ljp.co.in

Interesting Facts

Ram Vilas Paswan was known to be Eight time Lok Sabha member and former Rajya Sabha MP.
He was the Chairman, Vichar Shakti, 2002
He was the Member, of SC/ST Welfare Committee 1977-78, DDA Advisory Council, 1980-85,
Parliamentary Official Language Committee, 1980-85 and 1989-95
AIIMS Advisory Committee, 1991-96 and Court, Jawaharlal Nehru University, 1998-99
India-Trinidad and Tobago Parliamentary Friendship Group (since July 2010)
He is also interested in Chess.

Political Timeline

  • 2019
    He was re-inducted into Narendra Modi's cabinet as Minister of consumer affairs, food and public distribution.
  • 2015
    29 Jan. 2015: He became a Member, General Purposes Committee
  • 2014
    He was Re-elected to 16th Lok Sabha (9th term) 27 May 2014: He became the Union Cabinet Minister, Consumer Affairs, Food and Public Distribution
  • 2013
    He was Member, Committee on Rules, Rajya Sabha
  • 2011
    Member, Consultative Committee, Ministry of Human Resource Development
  • 2010
    July 2010-May 2014: He was the Member, Rajya Sabha Aug. 2010: He was the Member, Standing Committee on Personnel, Public Grievances, Law and Justice Sept. 2010:Member, Committee on Petitions Sept. 2010 - Sept. 2011: Member, Consultative Committee, Ministry Urban Development
  • 2004
    He was Re-elected to 14th Lok Sabha (8th term) He defeated Chhedi Paswan of RJD by 105,504 votes. 23 May 2004 - 22 May 2009: He was the Union Cabinet Minister, Chemicals & Fertilizers; Steel
  • 2001
    1 Sept. 2001- 29 April 2002: He was the Union Cabinet Minister, Coal and Mines
  • 1999
    He was Re-elected to 13th Lok Sabha (7th term) He defeated Ramai Ram of JD(U) by 2,37,801 votes. 13 Oct. 1999- 1 Sept. 2001: He was the Union Cabinet Minister, Communications
  • 1998
    1998-99: He was the Member, General Purposes Committee Member, Standing Committee on Railways Member, Consultative Committee, Ministry of Home Affairs
  • 1998
    He was Re-elected to 12th Lok Sabha (6th term) He defeated Ram Sunder Das of SJP(R) by 177,561 votes. Leader, Janata Dal Parliamentary Party
  • 1996
    1996-98: He was the Union Cabinet Minister, Railways 1 June 1996-29 June 1996: He was the Minister, Parliamentary Affairs
  • 1996
    He was Re-elected to 11th Lok Sabha (5th term) Leader of the House, Lok Sabha (During the tenure of 11th Lok Sabha, both the Prime Ministers, Sarvashri H.D. Devegowda and I.K.Gujral, being Members of Rajya Sabha, Shri Paswan was designated as Leader of the House ,Lok Sabha ) Member, Business Advisory Committee
  • 1991
    He was Re-elected to 10th Lok Sabha (4th term) He defeated Ashok Kumar of Indian National Congress Party by 2,60,484 votes. Member, Business Advisory Committee Member, Standing Committee on Home Affairs
  • 1989
    He was Re-elected to 9th Lok Sabha (3rd term) He defeated Mahabir Paswan of Indian National Congress Party by 50,4448 votes. 1989-90 Union Cabinet Minister, Labour and Welfare
  • 1988
    1988-90: He was the Secretary, National Front National General-Secretary, Janata Dal
  • 1987
    1987-88: He was the National General-Secretary, Janata Party
  • 1985
    1985-86: He was the National General-Secretary, Lok Dal
  • 1983
    1983: He was the Founder, National President, Dalilt Sena
  • 1982
    1982-84: He was the Leader of Lok Dal (K), Lok Sabha
  • 1980
    He was Re-elected to 7th Lok Sabha (2nd term)
  • 1977
    He was Elected to 6th Lok Sabha
  • 1974
    He was the General-Secretary, Lok Dal, Bihar
  • 1970
    He was the Joint-Secretary, S.S.P., Bihar
  • 1969
    He was the Member, Bihar Legislative Assembly


His name was recorded in Guninees Book of World Records in 1977 for winning election in Sixth Lok Sabha from Hajipur by highest margin.
Net Worth96.42 LAKHS

Disclaimer: The information relating to the candidate is an archive based on the self-declared affidavit filed at the time of elections. The current status may be different. For the latest on the candidate kindly refer to the affidavit filed by the candidate with the Election Commission of India in the recent election.


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