Home Bharat Ratna Award Winners List

Bharat Ratna Award Winners List

The Bharat Ratna is Indian's highest civilian award, which was introduced on 2nd January, 1954.

The award is conferred on the basis of exceptional service of the highest order to any field, which is presented by the president of India.

In one year maximum 3 awards can be provided irrespective of race, occupation, position or sex. The first award was awarded to politician C. Rajagopalachari, philosopher Sarvepalli Radhakrishnan, and scientist CV Raman in 1954.

However, the Bharat Ratna awardees are benefited with a diplomatic passport, that provides a separate immigration counter, access to VIP lounge in the airports and many more. Here we are presenting the complete list of the Bharat Ratna awardees since 1954.

Sl.No Name Year Prime minister Party in power Province Notes
1 C. Rajagopalachari 1954 Jawaharlal Nehru Indian National Congress Tamil Nadu Known as the "Mootharignar" ("Scholar Emeritus"), Rajagopalachari was the Governor-General of India (1948–50). He was the home minister in Nehru's first cabinet. Rajaji was the first Governor of West Bengal. He also served as the chief minister of Tamil Nadu for over two years between 1952 and 1954. He is the founder of Indian political party Swatantra Party.
2 Sarvapalli Radhakrishnan 1954 Jawaharlal Nehru Indian National Congress Tamil Nadu India’s first Vice-President and Second President. Since 1962, his birthday on 5 September is observed as "Teachers' Day" in India.
3 C. V. Raman 1954 Jawaharlal Nehru Indian National Congress Tamil Nadu Physicists, mathematicians and scientists. Widely known for his work on the scattering of light and the discovery of the effect, better known as "Raman scattering", Raman mainly worked in the field of atomic physics and electromagnetism and was presented Nobel Prize in Physics in 1930.
4 Bhagwan Das 1955 Jawaharlal Nehru Indian National Congress Uttar Pradesh Activist, philosopher, and educationist
5 M. Visvesvaraya 1955 Jawaharlal Nehru Indian National Congress Karnataka Civil engineer, statesman, and Diwan of Mysore. His birthday, 15 September, is observed as "Engineer's Day" in India.
6 Jawaharlal Nehru 1955 Jawaharlal Nehru Indian National Congress Uttar Pradesh Independence activist, Author and First and the longest-serving Prime Minister of India (1947–64).
7 Govind Ballabh Pant 1957 Jawaharlal Nehru Indian National Congress Uttarakhand Activist and First Chief Minister of Uttar Pradesh
8 Dhondo Keshav Karve 1958 Jawaharlal Nehru Indian National Congress Maharashtra Social reformer and educator, Karve is widely known for his works related to woman education and remarriage of Hindu widows. He established the Widow Marriage Association (1883), Hindu Widows Home (1896), and started Shreemati Nathibai Damodar Thackersey Women's University in 1916.
9 Bidhan Chandra Roy 1961 Jawaharlal Nehru Indian National Congress Bihar Physician, Political Leader, Philanthropist, Educationist, and Social Worker. His birthday, 1 July is observed as National Doctors' Day in India.
10 Purushottam Das Tandon 1961 Jawaharlal Nehru Indian National Congress Uttar Pradesh Activist and speaker of the Uttar Pradesh Legislative Assembly (1937–50)
11 Rajendra Prasad 1962 Jawaharlal Nehru Indian National Congress Bihar Activist, Lawyer, Statesman, and Scholar. He was the first President of India (1950–62).
12 Zakir Husain 1963 Jawaharlal Nehru Indian National Congress Hyderabad Activist, Economist, and Education Philosopher served as a Vice-Chancellor of Aligarh Muslim University and the Governor of Bihar. He was second Vice-President of India (1962–67) and the third President of India (1967–69).
13 Pandurang Vaman Kane 1963 Jawaharlal Nehru Indian National Congress Maharashtra Indologist and Sanskrit scholar, known for his five-volume literary work
14 Lal Bahadur Shastri 1966 Indira Gandhi Indian National Congress Uttar Pradesh Activist and served as the second Prime Minister of India. Known for his slogan "Jai Jawan Jai Kisan" ("Hail to the Soldier, hail to the Farmer")
15 Indira Gandhi 1971 Indira Gandhi Indian National Congress Uttar Pradesh Known as the "Iron Lady of India", First women Prime Minister of India.
16 V. V. Giri 1975 Indira Gandhi Indian National Congress Odisha Trade Unionist, Giri held positions of Governor of Uttar Pradesh, Kerala and Mysore and various other cabinet ministries. He became the first acting president and was eventually elected as the fourth President of India (1969–74).
17 K. Kamaraj 1976 Indira Gandhi Indian National Congress Tamil Nadu Independence activist and statesman, former Chief Minister of Tamil Nadu.
18 Mother Teresa 1980 Indira Gandhi Indian National Congress North Macedonia Catholic nun and the founder of the Missionaries of Charity. She was awarded the Nobel Peace Prize for her humanitarian work in 1979.
19 Vinoba Bhave 1983 Indira Gandhi Indian National Congress Maharashtra Independence activist, social reformer, and a close associate of Mahatma Gandhi. He is best known for his Bhoodan movement, "Land-Gift Movement". He was awarded the Ramon Magsaysay Award (1958) for his humanitarian work.
20 Khan Abdul Ghaffar Khan 1987 Rajiv Gandhi Indian National Congress Pakistan First noncitizen, independence activist. Widely known as "Frontier Gandhi", independence activist and Pashtun leader Khan was a follower of Mahatma Gandhi. He joined Khilafat Movement in 1920 and founded Khudai Khidmatgar ("Red Shirt movement") in 1929.
21 M. G. Ramachandran 1988 Rajiv Gandhi Indian National Congress Sri Lanka Known as the "Puratchi Thalaivar" ("Revolutionary Leader"). Actor turned Politician, He was the first actor to become the chief minister of the state in the history of India. He is the founder of Indian political party All India Anna Dravida Munnetra Kazhagam.
22 B.R. Ambedkar 1990 Vishwanath Pratap Singh Janata Dal (NF) Madhya Pradesh Social reformer, Law Maker and Leader of the Dalits. Ambedkar was the Chief architect of the Indian Constitution and also served as the first Law Minister of India.
23 Nelson Mandela 1990 Vishwanath Pratap Singh Janata Dal (NF) Union of South Africa Leader of the Anti-Apartheid Movement in South Africa, President of South Africa. Often called as the "Gandhi of South Africa", Mandela's African National Congress movement was influenced by Gandhian philosophy. He was awarded the Nobel Peace Prize in 1993.
24 Rajiv Gandhi 1991 P. V. Narasimha Rao Indian National Congress Maharashtra Rajiv Gandhi was the sixth Prime Minister of India serving from 1984 to 1989.
25 Vallabhbhai Patel 1991 P. V. Narasimha Rao Indian National Congress Gujarat Activist and first Deputy Prime Minister of India. He is known as the "Iron Man of India".
26 Morarji Desai 1991 P. V. Narasimha Rao Indian National Congress Gujarat He is the only Indian national to be awarded the Nishan-e-Pakistan, highest civilian award given by the Government of Pakistan. He was also the first Prime Minister of India not to be from the Indian National Congress.
27 Abul Kalam Azad 1992 P. V. Narasimha Rao Indian National Congress Saudi Arabia Activist and First Minister of Education and worked towards free primary education. He is widely known as "Maulana Azad" and his birthday on 11 November is observed as National Education Day in India.
28 J. R. D. Tata 1992 P. V. Narasimha Rao Indian National Congress France Industrialist, philanthropist, and aviation pioneer. Tata founded India's first airline Air India. He is the founder of various institutes including Tata Institute of Fundamental Research, Tata Memorial Hospital, Tata Institute of Social Sciences, Tata Motors, TCS, National Institute of Advanced Studies, and National Centre for the Performing Arts.
29 Satyajit Ray 1992 P. V. Narasimha Rao Indian National Congress West Bengal Director, Film-maker, Writer, Novelist. Ray was awarded the Dadasaheb Phalke Award, India's highest award in cinema. In 1991, he received Academy Honorary Award.
30 Gulzarilal Nanda 1997 Inder Kumar Gujral Janata Dal (NF) Pakistan Activist, and interim Prime Minister of India.
31 Aruna Asaf Ali 1997 Inder Kumar Gujral Janata Dal (NF) Haryana Independence Activist. He is better known for hoisting the Indian flag in Bombay during the Quit India Movement in 1942. Post Independence, Ali was elected as Delhi's first mayor in 1958.[120]
32 A.P.J Abdul Kalam 1997 Inder Kumar Gujral Janata Dal (NF) Tamil Nadu He was the eleventh President of India. Aerospace and Defense Scientist. Kalam was involved in the development of India's first satellite launch vehicle SLV III and was the architect of Integrated Guided Missile Development Program. He worked for Indian National Committee for Space Research, Indian Space Research Organisation, Defence Research and Development Laboratory and was appointed as the Scientific Advisor to the Defence Minister, Secretary to Department of Defence Research and Development and Director General of Defence Research and Development Organisation.
33 M. S. Subbulakshmi 1998 Inder Kumar Gujral Janata Dal (NF) Tamil Nadu Carnatic Classical Vocalist. She is the first Indian musician to receive the Ramon Magsaysay award for her public service. She was honoured as a resident artist Aasthana Vidwan of Tirumala Tirupati Devasthanam. Tirupati Urban Development Authority (TUDA) has installed a bronze statue of her in the city. Her many famous renditions include the chanting of Bhaja Govindam, Vishnu Sahasranamam (1000 names of Vishnu), Hari Tuma Haro, Venkateswara Suprabhatam (musical hymns to awaken Lord Balaji early in the morning), Annamacharya Sankirtanas and Tamil Tevaram. She also acted in a few Tamil films in her youth from 1938 to 1947. She donated many of the royalties on several best sold records to many charity organisations.
34 Chidambaram Subramaniam 1998 Inder Kumar Gujral Janata Dal (NF) Tamil Nadu Activist and former Minister of Agriculture of India
35 Jayaprakash Narayan 1999 Atal Bihari Vajpayee Bharatiya Janata Party (NDA) Bihar Activist, and social reformer
36 Amartya Sen 1999 Atal Bihari Vajpayee Bharatiya Janata Party (NDA) West Bengal Economist, Winner of the Nobel Memorial Prize in Economic Sciences (1998).
37 Gopinath Bordoloi 1999 Atal Bihari Vajpayee Bharatiya Janata Party (NDA) Assam Independence activist, He was the first Chief Minister of Assam (1946–50).
38 Ravi Shankar 1999 Atal Bihari Vajpayee Bharatiya Janata Party (NDA) Uttar Pradesh Winner of four Grammy Awards and often considered "the world's best-known exponent of Hindustani classical music", sitar player Shankar is known for his collaborative work with Western musicians including Yehudi Menuhin and George Harrison.
39 Lata Mangeshkar 2001 Atal Bihari Vajpayee Bharatiya Janata Party (NDA) Madhya Pradesh Widely credited as the "Nightingale of India". In 1989, Mangeshkar was awarded the Dadasaheb Phalke Award, She has sung songs in over 36 languages.
40 Bismillah Khan 2001 Atal Bihari Vajpayee Bharatiya Janata Party (NDA) Bihar Hindustani classical shehnai player, Khan played the instrument for more than eight decades and is credited to have brought the instrument to the centre stage of Indian music.
41 Bhimsen Joshi 2009 Manmohan Singh Indian National Congress (UPA) Karnataka A Hindustani classical vocalist from Karnataka, Joshi was a disciple of Kirana gharana, an Indian musical school. He is widely known for the Khyal genre of singing with a "mastery over rhythm and accurate notes".
42 C. N. R. Rao 2014 Manmohan Singh Indian National Congress (UPA) Karnataka The recipient of Honorary Doctorates from 63 Universities including Purdue, IIT Bombay, Oxford. Chemist and Professor Rao has worked prominently in the fields of Solid State and Materials Chemistry, Spectroscopy and Molecular Structure. He has authored around 1600 research papers and 48 books.
43 Sachin Tendulkar 2014 Manmohan Singh Indian National Congress (UPA) Maharashtra Cricketer, Having debuted in 1989, Tendulkar played 664 international cricket matches in a career spanning over two decades. He holds various cricket records including the only player to have scored one hundred international centuries, the first batsman to score a double century in a One Day International and the only player to complete more than 34,000 runs in both ODI and Test cricket.
44 Madan Mohan Malaviya 2015 Narendra Modi Bharatiya Janata Party (NDA) Uttar Pradesh Scholar and Educational Reformer. Malaviya is a founder of Akhil Bharatiya Hindu Mahasabha (1906) and Banaras Hindu University and served as the university's vice-chancellor from 1919 until 1938. He was the President of Indian National Congress for four terms and was the Chairman of Hindustan Times from 1924 to 1946.
45 Atal Bihari Bajpayee 2015 Narendra Modi Bharatiya Janata Party (NDA) Madhya Pradesh Parliamentarian for over four decades, Elected nine times to the Lok Sabha, twice to the Rajya Sabha, and served as the Prime Minister of India for three terms and was awarded the "Best Parliamentarian" in 1994.
46 Pranab Mukherjee 2019 Narendra Modi Bharatiya Janata Party (NDA) West Benagl Mukherjee was 13th President of India. In a political career spanning five decades, and had been a senior leader in the Indian National Congress and had occupied several ministerial portfolios in the Government of India.
47 Nanaji Deshmukh 2019 Narendra Modi Bharatiya Janata Party (NDA) Maharashtra Chandikadas Amritrao Deshmukh also known as Nanaji Deshmukh was a social activist from India. He worked in the fields of education, health, and rural self-reliance. He was a leader of the Bharatiya Jana Sangh and also a member of the Rajya Sabha.
48 Bhupen Hazarika 2019 Narendra Modi Bharatiya Janata Party (NDA) Assam Hazarika was an Indian playback singer, lyricist, musician, poet and film-maker from Assam, widely known as Sudhakantha. His songs, written and sung mainly in the Assamese language by himself, are marked by humanity and universal brotherhood and have been translated and sung in many languages, most notably in Bengali and Hindi.
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