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Not only in India; know how, where and why Lenin statue was taken down in history?

By Chennabasaveshwar

Toppling Lenin's statue has been a way of expressing anger, discontent with the regime all over the world. The reasons and political context vary from country to country. In India, BJP workers in Tripura state brought down the statue of 'Bolshevik' leader Lenin after the defeat of CPI (M) which ruled the state for 25 years.

Where and why Lenin statue was taken down in history?

From Europe to Africa, Lenin's statue has been pulled down in the last two decades. Lenin's statues have pulled down in Ethiopia, Germany, Ukraine In the early 90s and 2000s.


Two days after Ethiopia's dictator, Mengistu Haile Mariam, fled in a plane from Addis Ababa airport for refuge in Zimbabwe, the Lenin statue came down. On 23 May 1991, thousands of office workers and other onlookers gathered in the square as two yellow cranes from the Ethiopia Building Construction Authority draped cables around Lenin's suit coat while a crew had a go at his concrete and steel pedestal with jackhammers and welding torches.


After the historic fall of the Berlin Wall, Lenin and Marx's statues became the target of public anger. The first mayor of reunited Berlin, the conservative Eberhard Diepgen, ordered its removal in late 1991, wanting to rid the city of an icon of a 'dictatorship where people were persecuted and murdered'. The statue was painstakingly disassembled over months as workers cut through granite, concrete and steel beams inside, splitting Lenin into about 120 parts. The statue was inaugurated before 200,000 people on April 19, 1970, three days before the 100th anniversary of Lenin's birth, and stayed there for 21 years, dominating a square named after the Bolshevik revolutionary.


In 1991, Ukraine had 5,500 Lenin monuments. The demolition of Lenin monuments in Ukraine happened in four stages. During the 1990s more than 2,000 Lenin monuments were demolished in Galicia and Volyn, at the turn of the 1990-2000s more than 600 Lenin monuments were removed in western and central areas, in 2005-2008 more than 600 were demolished mainly in central areas, and in 2013-2014 552 monuments were demolished.

The first wave of demolitions of Lenin monuments happened in Western Ukraine in the years 1990-1991. On August 1, 1990, in Chervonograd a Lenin monument was demolished for the first time in the USSR. Under popular pressure, the monument was dismantled, formally with the purpose of moving elsewhere. That same year, Lenin monuments were dismantled in Ternopil, Coloma, Nadvornaya, Borislav, Drohobych, Lviv and other cities of Galicia.

Ukraine has removed all 1,320 statues of the communist revolutionary Lenin by August 2017 following a government drive to rid the country of Soviet-era symbols.

Monuments to the Bolshevik leader have been dismantled in every town, village and city controlled by the Kiev-based government that brought down pro-Russian president Viktor Yanukovych three years ago, according to officials.

OneIndia News


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