4 years of Modi sarkar: How Home Ministry took the fight to the naxals
The Narendra Modi government completed four years in office. The government has taken several key decisions in the past four years. For the Ministry of Home Affairs, headed by Rajnath Singh, the big challenges were the naxal problem and terrorism especially in the Kashmir Valley.
Data provided by the Home Ministry shows that there has been a major reduction in violence where Left Wing Extremism is concerned. Incidents of violence reduced by 36.6% from 6524 to 4136 the ministry says. Let us take a look at the other key initiatives.
Road Connectivity Project For LWE Affected Areas: Government has approved in Dec 2016 a project named 'Road Connectivity Project for LWE Affected Areas' for construction of 5412 km roads in 44 districts of 9 LWE affected States at an estimated cost of Rs. 11725 crore. Sanction already conveyed to States for 3775.56 km of roads.
Special Central Assistance (SCA) for 35 most LWE affected districts: This is a new Scheme with an outlay of Rs. 3,000 crore (Rs. 1,000 crore per annum). Under the scheme funds will be provided to 35 most affected LWE districts to fill the critical gaps in public infrastructure and services, which are of emergent nature. Rs.175 crore has been released under the scheme in 2017-18.
Constitution of Empowered Committee under AS (LWE): An Empowered Committee was constituted under Additional Secretary (LWE) to monitor and guide developmental initiatives through co-ordination with various Central Ministries.
Formation of Committees: Two committees have been formed in May 2017 for improving operational performance of forces in LWE areas. These are:-
- Committee for use of Cutting Edge technologies in LWE Theatre.
- Committee for fixing Key Performance Indicators (KPIs) for LWE Theatre.
The committees have already submitted the reports. Technologies have been identified and KPIs are finalized.
Major Achievements (Security Related Issues):
Reduction in Violence (Comparative Analysis of LWE Scenario: 2010 to 2013 & 2014 to 2017). A comparison of various statistics of LWE violence over last four years (2014 to 2017) with preceding three years (2010- 2013) indicates a significant improvement in the LWE scenario in the country. Important parameters are as under:-
- Incidents of violence reduced by 36.6% from 6524 to 4136.
- LWE related deaths decreased by 55.5% from 2428 to 1081.
- Elimination of LWE cadres increased by 14.6% from 445 to 510.
- Surrenders by LWE cadres increased by 143% from 1387 to 3373.
Geographical Spread reduced
- States reporting violence reduced from 10 (2013) to 9 (2017).
- Districts reporting violence reduced from 76 (2013) to 58 (2017).
- Police Stations reporting violence reduced from 330 (2013) to 291 (2017).
Raising of CRPF Bastariya Battalion: In order to enhance local representation in SF and also provide employment to local youth, a Bastariya Battalion has been raised. 743 Scheduled Tribes candidates from four most affected LWE districts of Chhattisgarh, Bijapur, Dantewada, Narayanpur and Sukma have been recruited. This figure includes 242 female candidates. All recruitment formalities have been completed and training is in progress.
Assistance under Security Related Expenditure (SRE) Scheme: Under this scheme assistance is provided to 106 LWE affected districts for operational needs of Security Forces. Rs 1120.73 crore was disbursed over last four financial years (2014-15, 2015-16, 2016-17 & 2017-18) as compared to Rs 875 Cr in the preceding four financial years (2010-11, 2011-12, 2012-13 and 2013-14).
Fortified Police Stations Scheme: The scheme was approved in 2010. 386 Police Stations out of 400 have been completed. 320 Police Stations constructed in the last four years.
Major achievements on development related issues:
Road Requirement Plan Phase-I (RRP-I) (MORTH): RRP-I is under implementation for improving road connectivity in 34 LWE affected districts of 8 States i.e. Andhra Pradesh, Bihar, Chhattisgarh, Jharkhand, Madhya Pradesh, Maharashtra, Odisha and Uttar Pradesh. It envisages construction 5,422 km road length with an estimated cost of ₹ 8,585 crores, of which, 4537 km roads have been completed of which 1608 km roads constructed in last four years in most difficult areas.
LWE Mobile Towers Project (DoT): The scheme was approved in 2014. 2329 towers have been installed to improve connectivity in LWE affected areas. Further 4072 mobile towers are under consideration in Phase-II.
Skill Development (MOSDE): Launched in 2011 in 34 LWE affected districts. The scheme has been extended to 47 LWE affected districts in 2016 in which 47 ITIs and 68 Skill Development Centre would be constructed at an estimated cost of Rs. 407.85 crores. Of these 15 ITIs and 43 SDCs have been established.
Financial Inclusion: The Department of Posts is opening 1789 Post Offices in 32 most LWE affected districts, where, there is no Post Office within 03 km of distance. Of these 565 Post offices are opened. Besides, the Department of Financial Services has opened 428 new Bank branches and installed 1045 ATMs in 35 most affected LWE districts in 33 months ( from 01.04.2015 to 31.12.2017).
Government on 27.09.2017 has approved continuation of existing schemes till 2020 with increased outlays and additional features.
SCHEMES OF MHA
Security Related Expenditure (SRE) Scheme: The Government of India reimburses the LWE affected State Governments the security-related expenditure incurred on; ex-gratia payment to the family of civilian/security forces killed in LWE violence. training and operational needs of security forces, rehabilitation of surrendered Left Wing Extremist cadres, security-related infrastructure for village defense committees and publicity material. The scheme has been strengthened with substantial increase in the rate of reimbursement. In addition, new items like compensation for incapacitation of security forces and property damage have been included for the first time.
Special Infrastructure Scheme (SIS) including construction of 250 Fortified Police Stations in LWE affected states: The Scheme has been revived for strengthening of the Special Intelligence Branches (SIBs) & Special Forces of the States and construction of 250 Fortified Police Stations in LWE areas. The next phase of fortification of police stations has been subsumed in Special Infrastructure Scheme.
Increase of grant:
The immediate grant to the surrendered LWE cadres increased from
- Rs. 2.5 Lakh to Rs. 5.00 Lakh - For Higher Rank LWE cadres
- Rs. 1.5 Lakh to 2.5 Lakh - For Middle/Lower Ranks
- The monthly stipend increased from
- Rs. 4000 to Rs. 6000/- per month
Ex-Gratia payment increased from:
- Rs. 1 Lakh to Rs. 2 Lakh- To the family of a civilian killed
- Rs. 3 Lakh to Rs. 20 Lakh- To the family of a security personnel killed.
- Honorarium to SPOs increased from Rs. 3000/- to Rs. 6000/- per month.
New items included for the first time:
- Ex. Gratia payment
- Rs. 5 Lakh - to the security personnel permanently incapacitated during LWE attack.
- Compensation to property Damage
- Rs. 3 Lakh- For security personnel
- Rs. 1 lakh- for civilians.