A petition in the Supreme Court has sought the implementation of the two-child policy.
The petitioner Anupam Bajpai, national coordinator of NGO Jeevan Bachao Andolan contended that population was increasing with geometrical progression and the time has come for the country to adopt necessary measures by way of a two-child norm.
"It has been estimated that over 1,000 animal species and sub species are facing threat of extinction while 20,000 flowering plants are estimated to be at such a risk. With the increasing population, there is change in economic and industrial development and changing patterns of consumption. The increase in population is consequently leading to an increase in vehicular pollution and also in a number of environmental problems like air pollution and global warning," the petition further states.
Citing the cases of Andhra Pradesh, Gujarat, Maharashtra, Odisha and Rajasthan, the petitioner said that these states had adopted the two-child norm and it had helped reduce population. The petitioner also said that China had adopted a one-child norm since 1979 with positive effect.