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1 year of GST: Timeline and everything else you want to know about biggest tax reform

By Madhuri Adnal
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    New Delhi, June 1: As the Goods & Services Tax, touted as the biggest economic reform since independence, completes one year today, the government aims to take the monthly collection to Rs 1 lakh crore.

    One year of GST: Timeline. everything else you want to know about biggest tax reform

    Goods and Services Tax (GST) was rolled out in the intervening night of June 30 and July 1, last year, in a ceremony held in the Central Hall of Parliament.

    A timeline

    2000: Prime Minister Atal Bihari Vajpyee introduced the concept, sets up a committee headed by the then West Bengal Finance Minister Asim Dasgupta to design a GST model.
    2003: The Vajpayee government forms a task force under Vijay Kelkar to recommend tax reforms.
    2004: Vijay Kelkar, then advisor to the Finance Ministry, recommends GST to replace the existing tax regime.
    2006: GST appears in the Budget speech for the first time; Finance Minister P Chidambaram sets an ambitious April 1, 2010 as deadline for GST implementation. He says the Empowered Committee of finance ministers will prepare a road map for GST.
    2008: Empowered Committee of State Finance Ministers constituted.
    April 30, 2008: The Empowered Committee submits a report titled 'A Model and Roadmap Goods and Services Tax (GST) in India' to the government.
    November 10, 2009: Empowered Committee submits a discussion paper in the public domain on GST welcoming debate.
    2009: Finance Minister Pranab Mukherjee announces basic structure of GST as designed by Dasgupta committee; retains 2010 deadline. BJP opposes GST basic structure.
    February 2010: Finance Ministry starts mission-mode computerisation of commercial taxes in states, to lay the foundation for GST rollout. Pranab Mukherjee defers GST to April 1, 2011.
    March 22, 2011: UPA-II tables 115th Constitution Amendment Bill in the Lok Sabha for bringing GST.
    March 29, 2011: GST Bill referred to Parliamentary Standing Committee on Finance led by Yashwant Sinha.
    November 2012: Finance Minister P Chidambaram held meetings with state finance ministers; decides to resolve all issues by December 31, 2012 for GST rollout.
    February 2013: Declaring UPA government's resolve to introducing GST, Chidambaram in his Budget speech makes provision for Rs 9,000 crore to compensate states for losses incurred because of GST.
    August 2013: Parliamentary standing committee submits report to Parliament suggesting improvements on GST. GST Bill gets ready for introduction in Parliament.
    October 2013: Gujarat Chief Minister Narendra Modi opposes GST Bill saying state would incur losses worth Rs 14,000 crore every year due to GST.
    2014: GST Bill cleared by Standing Committee lapses as Lok Sabha dissolves; BJP-led NDA government comes to power.
    December 18, 2014: Cabinet approves 122nd Constitution Amendment Bill to GST.
    December 19, 2014: Finance Minister Arun Jaitley introduces the Constitution (122nd) Amendment Bill in the Lok Sabha; Congress objects.
    February 2015: Jaitley sets April 1, 2016 as deadline for GST rollout.
    May 6, 2015: Lok Sabha passes GST Constitutional Amendment Bill.
    May 14, 2015: The GST Bill forwarded to joint committee of Rajya Sabha and Lok Sabha.
    August 2015: Government fails to win the support of Opposition to pass the bill in the Rajya Sabha where it lacks sufficient numbers.
    July 2016: Centre opposes capping GST rate at 18%; gets states around.
    August 2016: Congress, BJP agree to pass the Constitution Amendment Bill.
    August 3, 2016: Rajya Sabha passes the Constitution Amendment Bill by two-thirds majority.
    September 2, 2016: 16 states ratify GST Bill; President Pranab Mukherjee gives assent to the Bill.
    September 12: Union Cabinet clears formation of GST Council
    September 22-23: Council meets for first time.
    November 3: GST Council agrees on four slab tax structure of 5, 12, 18 and 28 % along with an additional cess on luxury and sin goods.
    January 16, 2017: Jaitley announces July 1 as GST rollout deadline. Centre, states agree on contentious issue of dual control and taxing rights on goods at high sea.
    February 18: GST Council finalises draft compensation bill providing to make good any revenue loss to states in first five years of GST rollout.
    March 4: GST Council approves CGST and Integrated-GST bills.
    March 27: Jaitley tables CGST, IGST, UT GST and Compensation bills in Parliament. Lok Sabha and Rajya Sabha pass all the four key GST Bills - Central GST (CGST), Integrated GST (IGST), State GST (SGST) and Union Territory GST (UTGST).
    May 18: GST Council fits over 1,200 goods in one of the four tax slabs of 5, 12, 18 and 28 %. Over 80% of goods of mass consumption either exempted or taxed under 5% slab.
    May 19: GST Council decides on 5, 12, 18 and 28% as service tax slabs.
    Jun 21: All states except Jammu and Kashmir pass SGST law.
    June 30: GST launched on the intervening night of June 30 and July 1.

    (with agency inputs)

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