A key Congressional committee has passed a legislation that proposes to increase the minimum salary of H-1B visa holders from USD 60,0000 to USD 90,000 and imposes a number of restrictions on the work visa that is popular among Indian IT professionals.
The Protect and Grow American Jobs Act (HR 170) - introduced by Darrell Issa, the chairman of the Courts, Intellectual Property and the Internet subcommittee - was passed by the House Judiciary Committee during a markup hearing on Wednesday. The bill now heads to the full House for necessary action.
A similar version of the bill needs to be passed by the Senate before it can be sent to the White House for the US President Donald Trump to be signed into law.
Given the sharp differences that the Democratic and Republican lawmakers and the White House has on various aspects of immigration reform including H1B, the Congressional passage of the bill and its becoming a law as of now appears to be a tall order.
The bill prohibits H1B dependent employers from replacing American workers with H1B employees, there are no longer any exceptions. It also lengthens the no-layoff policy for H1B dependent employers and their client companies for as long an H1B employee works at the company, which means they cannot layoff equivalent US workers.
For H1B dependent employers to be exempted from the requirement that US workers be recruited first, the Protect and Grow American Jobs Act dramatically increases the salary requirements for H1B workers.
"They must pay the lower of $135,000-which is indexed for inflation-or the average wage for the occupation in the area of employment, but with a floor of $ 90,000," said a media release issued by the House Judiciary Committee.
NASSCOM president R Chandrashekhar in a statement said that HR 170, as adopted by House Judiciary Committee, would harm US businesses and impose an extraordinary amount of bureaucratic red tape on a programme that contributes greatly to US prosperity.
"It also could disrupt the marketplace, threaten thousands of US jobs, and stifle US innovation by unfairly and arbitrarily targeting a handful of companies who used just 16% of the new H1B visas in the financial year 2016 while imposing no new requirements on the vast majority of companies that use the visas to do the same exact same things," Chandrashekhar said.
Defending the passage of the bill, Congressman Issa said lawmakers have a responsibility to ensure that H1B is not abused by those misusing it to outsource jobs and undercut American workers.
"Unfortunately, the loopholes left open in H1B have allowed a small handful of companies to game the system and crowd out employers who need the limited slots available to bring in the best and brightest individuals from around the world," he said.
"The Protect and Grow American Jobs Act is a common-sense update that will go a long way to protecting American workers while helping companies have better access to the talent they need to grow their businesses and create new jobs here in America," Issa said.
Congressman Bon Goodlatte, chairman of the House Judiciary Committee, said the immigration programmes must put American workers and nation's interests first, and "unfortunately" that is not the case currently with the H1B visa programme.
NASSCOM strongly disagrees with the US lawmakers. "Unfortunately, this legislation is being driven by myths, not reality. US government data show very significant shortages of high skill talent around the country. The data show that the high skill visa programmes are not a major cause of US unemployment, and IT specialists working on temporary visas are not cheap labour," said Chandrashekhar.
According to the US Bureau of Labour Statistics, across the US economy, approximately 20 million people per year lose their jobs due to reasons not linked to hiring H1B employees.
Compared to that, the annual number of H1Bs granted to the top 10 India-centric IT service companies in 2016 was only a tiny fraction of the US workforce, he said.
According to a study by the Pew Research Center, based on fiscal 2016 data from US Citizenship and Immigration Services (USCIS) data, for eight of the top 10 India-centric IT companies, the average salary for workers on H1B visas was higher than the median salary for US citizens in computer and mathematical jobs, Chandrashekhar argued.
"Employers who use the H1B programme are highly regulated and scrutinised already, and NASSCOM member companies abide by all applicable laws and regulations.
"According to the US government, the rate of compliance problems is very low, and the overwhelming majority of problems occur at American companies with fewer than 50 employees," he said.