Nanjangud town in Mysore district and has the biggest temple complex in the state. Nanjangud lies on the banks of the river Kapila (Kabini), 23 km from the city of Mysore. Nanjangud is famous for Srikanteshwara Temple. Nanjangud is also called ""Dakshina Kashi"" (southern Kashi). This city is also famous for a variety of banana grown in the region, the Nanjanagoodu rasabale. Kayyar Kinhanna Rai has authored a famous Kannada poem ""Nanjanagudina Rasabaaley"" titled ""Hannu Maruvavana Haadu
The residing deity of the temple was called Hakim Nanjunda, by the Tippu Sultan as it is said that his favorite elephant was cured after prayer were offered to the deity.
Nanjangud is famous for the Ayurveda medicines manufactured by the Late Sri B.V. Pandit. The Sadvaidyashala established by him serves people very successfully.
There are 36 major industries, 12 medium industries and 35 small-scale units at Nanjangud. According to NIA, Nanjangud is the second highest tax-paying (sales tax of over Rs400 crore a year) taluk in the State after Bangalore. Bannari Amman Sugar factory in Nanjangud has a cane crushing capacity of 7,500 TCD.
In the recently held by-poll of 2017, Kalale Keshavamurthy from Congress defeated V Srinivas Prasad (BJP), who was a minister in the current Congress government. He quit Congress and joined BJP in 2017. In fact, he had won both 2008 and 2013 assembly elections on a Congress ticket. It has won eight times out of 13 elections held so far.