Mandya is a city and district headquarters of Mandya district. It is located 40 kilometres from Mysuru and 100 kilometres from Bengaluru. Mandya's history is closely related to the history of the old Mysore State, which included the present district of Mandya and areas around the Cauvery Basin. The district of Mandya was constituted in 1939 as an administrative unit with seven taluks under it.
Since Mandya is located on the banks of the river Cauvery, agriculture is the predominant occupation and the single largest contributor to Mandya's economy. The main crops grown in Mandya are paddy, sugarcane, jowar, maize, cotton, banana, ragi, coconut and pulses.
Mandya's greatest assets are its four rivers - Cauvery, Hemavati, Lokapavani and Shimsha that give the district both religious importance and scenic beauty.
Satyagraha Soudha Shivpura is an important place in Mandya. It is a monument to mark the freedom struggle at Maddur in particular and Mandya district in general, this is an architecturally unique building located on Bangalore Mysore Highway.
M.H. Ambareesh of Congress is the current MLA, he defeated M. Srinivas of JDS by 42,937 votes.