Flashback 2014: 17 chief ministers who made the headlines this year
The year 2014 was a significant one for a number of politicians, or more specifically, a number of chief minister politicians, for both reasons good and bad.
The first name in the list is Aam Aadmi Party's (AAP) Arvind Kejriwal. The man, who had raised a storm by creating a platform for the apolitical in politics and led the party to perform well in the Delhi assembly election in 2012, failed to continue for more than 49 days and quit the office after failing to pass the Janlokpal Bill in the assembly. [Flashback 2014: The biggest fall of the Congress]
Arvind Kejriwal, who was mocked as AK-49 after he quit as the chief minister of Delhi in February 2014.
Kejriwal's government was backed by the Congress for that short period and ever since his government left the office, a political deadlock has continued to cripple Delhi. [Flashback 2014: The rise of Narendra Modi]
Was losing the prestige battle against Narendra Modi too much for Nitish to digest?
Next is Janta Dal (United) leader Nitish Kumar. After serving as the chief minister of Bihar for nine years and that too after earning reputation of an able administrator, Nitish found the victory of Narendra Modi in the Lok Sabha election too much to digest and quit his office on May 17, a day after the Lok Sabha elections came out.
Nitish quit the BJP-led NDA in June 2013 to protest the rise of Modi in its ranks but could not do much to stop him. The JD(U) could manage just two seats in its own den where the BJP got 22 seats. Nitish Kumar quit the office in favour of Jitan Ram Manjhi, a man from the extremely backward Mushahar community.
JD(U)'s Jitan Ram Manjhi became the 23rd chief minister of Bihar on May 23. A veteran of many parties, Manjhi's elevation as the CM raised quite a few eyebrows for the same man had badly lost in the general election and his empowerment was seen more as a reward for his loyalty.
The move also meant Nitish Kumar's masterstroke in fuelling casteist emotions, keeping in mind the 2015 assembly election.
But Manjhi, 70, soon made the headlines for courting a number of controversies. While his son's 'sex scandal' embarrassed him once, at other times Manjhi invited trouble by making controversial remarks. He was even heard once that his days are numbered as the chief minister of Bihar.
Narendra Modi quit the chief ministership of Gujarat to become the prime minister of India on May 26, 204.
Narendra Modi, the current prime minister of India, also made it to the chief ministers' list for it was after winning the Lok Sabha election that he quit as the CM of Gujarat on May 22.
Modi served as the 14th chief minister of Gujarat between October 2001 and May 2014. While May 16 was undoubtedly the highest point in chief minister Modi's political career when his party, the BJP, bagged a majority in the Lok Sabha, the deadly riots that broke out in Gujarat in 2002 were perhaps the lowest point.
Anandiben Patel became the first woman chief minister of Gujarat replacing Narendra Modi.
Modi was replaced by Anandiben Patel as the third BJP chief minister of Gujarat. Patel, 73, also became the first woman chief minister of the state. A teacher of mathematics and science, Anandiben, who is also known to be close to Modi, was named in the top 100 influential people of India. She has also received a number of awards for teaching since 1989.
J Jayalalithaa was convicted in a 18-year-old disproportionate assets case in September 2014 and lost the CM's post.
AIADMK supremo J Jayalalithaa perhaps made the biggest news of the year for wrong reasons. The 66-year-old politician from Tamil Nadu, who swept the state in the last assembly election in 2011 and the general election held this year, was convicted by a court in Karnataka in connection to a 18-year-old disproportionate assets (DA) case and sent to four years of jail.
Her chief ministership was cancelled and she also lost the right to contest elections. Jayalalithaa was also slapped with a fine of Rs 100 crore. Three others, including her foster son, were also convicted.
O Panneerselvam replaced Jayalalithaa as the chief minister of Tamil Nadu for the second time since 2001-02.
O Panneerselvam, who succeeded Jayalalithaa as the chief minister of Tamil Nadu after her conviction in the DA case, is the most low-profile CM who made the headlines this year. This is, however, the second time that Panneerselvam, a close aide to the supremo, has succeeded her as the CM of Tamil Nadu.
Sixty-three-year-old Panneerselvam had served as the chief minister of Tamil Nadu between September 2001 and March 2002 after Jayalalithaa was barred from holding office by the Supreme Court. But before anything, Panneerselvam will be remembered for his shedding tears for the party chief while succeeding her as the CM.
Pawan Kumar Chamling is set to become the first chief minister in India to complete 25 years in office.
Sikkim Chief Minister Pawan Chamling also made the news in 2014 for completing 20 years in the office. The SDF leader is certain to break the record of late CPI(M) leader Jyoti Basu as the longest-serving chief minister of India (1977-2000) if he completes his current term which began earlier this year. Sixty-four-year-old Chamling, who is called the Green Chief Minister, led his party to bag a record fifth mandate in a row this year.
Manohar Parrikar was judged the CNN-IBN Indian of the Year in 2012 in politics category.
BJP's Manohar Parrikar served as the chief minister of Goa in four stints, the final of which lasted between March 2012 and November 2014 when he was made India's defence minister by Prime Minister Narendra Modi. Parrikar, an IITian by education, joined the RSS at a young age and later became the chief instructor.
He first became the chief minister of Goa in 2000 but could serve for short tenures till 2005. His third and fourth stints were of same duration, i.e., 2 years and 245 days. Laxmikant Parsekar succeeded Parrikar as the chief minister of Goa after he left for New Delhi.
Fifty-eight-year-old Laxmikant Parsekar, the new chief minister of Goa, is known to be close to the RSS.
Laxmikant Parsekar replaced Manohar Parrikar as the CM of Goa after the latter left for the capital to serve as the country's defence minister. Parsekar was earlier the health minister in the government of Parrikar. Recently, Parsekar remarked that some tourists visit Goa only to do drugs. He had also asked the environmentalists not to blindly oppose projects and said the government was fully aware about the conservation of the environment.
Devendra Fadnavis took oath as Maharashtra's first BJP CM on October 31, 2014. His government won a confidence motion by voice vote on November 12.
Devendra Fadnavis became the first BJP chief minister of Maharashtra after his party came up with a spectacular show in the assembly election held in October. The president of the Maharashtra unit of the BJP, 44-year-old Fadnavis had served as the mayor of Nagpur at the age of 27.
As a student, Fadnavis had refused to go to a school named Indira Convent since it was named after late prime minister Indira Gandhi whom he blamed for putting his father behind the bars during the Emergency. Fadnavis has 22 charges of rioting registered against him.
KC Rao became the first chief minister of Telangana, India's youngest state, on June 2, 2014.
K Chandrasekhar Rao became the first chief minister of Telangana, the new state carved out of Andhra Pradesh, on June 2. It was a end of a successful journey of the Telangana Rashtra Samiti chief who was earlier with the youth Congress and Telangana Desham Party.
Chandrasekar Rao or KCR, as he is known in short, also courted controversies in his six months of stay in the office ("I can be worse than Hitler if needed")and his politician daughter too invited trouble by making controversial statements.
Chandrababu Naidu became the chief minister of a truncated Andhra Pradesh for the second time in 2014.
Telugu Desam Party's Chandrababu Naidu who made his mark as a hi-tech chief minister before Narendra Modi, made the headlines after taking over as the chief minister of truncated Andhra Pradesh on June 8. This is the second time that Naidu became the chief minister of the state (he served as the CM of united Andhra between 1999 and 2004).
Naidu was on his mission to develop Andhra soon after he took charge for the second time. His initiatives taken on war-footing in the wake of Cyclone Hudhud that left the coastal city of Vishakhapatnam battered earned him big applause.
Manohar Lal Khattar overcame the outsider criticism to become the first chief minister of Haryana on October 26.
Manohar Lal Khattar became the first BJP chief minister of Haryana on October 26 after the saffron party bagged a decisive majority in the assembly election. The 60-year-old politician is a former RSS pracharak was rge chairman of the BJP's Haryana Election Campaign Committee for the 2014 Lok Sabha election. Khattar sparked controversy during the election campaign when he defended rulings of the khap panchayats.
Bengal CM Mamata Banerjee did not have a happy 2014 despite winning it big in her state in the Lok Sabha election.
Mamata Banerjee is another chief minister who made the headlines this year for unhappy reasons. She had a decent show in the Lok Sabha election in which her party won 34 out of 42 seats in West Bengal and continued to dominate the state politics.
But the snowballing Saradha chit fund scam and the blast in a terror factory in Burdwan in October emerged as two major threats to her regime, both direct and indirect, the rise of the BJP being the latter one.
A number of her party's leaders were arrested by the CBI in connection to the scam, leaving the Trinamool Congress supremo rattled. It was evident when she started attacking the BJP using all sorts of expletives in public.
Prithviraj Chavan was made the chief minister because of his clean image but was often mocked as the 'Manmohan Singh of Maharashtra'.
Congress's Prithviraj Chavan, who served as the 22nd chief minister of Maharashtra between November 2010 and September 2014, was another incumbent to make the headlines this year. Chavan, 68, had served in various ministries at the Centre and replaced Ashok Chavan as the CM after the latter was forced to resign over the Adarsh Housing Society scam. Chavan resigned as the chief minister of the state following the split in the ruling alliance between the Congress and Nationalist Congress Party.
Raghubar Das became the first non-tribal chief minister of Jharkhand.
BJP's Raghubar Das, a former employee with Tata Steel, became the first non-tribal chief minister of Jharkhand after his party formed the government along with AJSU in the state after the state polls.
Das, 59, represents Jamshedpur East constituency since 1995 and had served as the deputy chief minister and the urban development minister during the BJP's rule in the past. He was also accused of favouring a Singapore-based firm in constructing the sewage system in Ranchi during his stint as the deputy chief minister.