December 3 in history: Indo-Pak war over Bangladesh began in 1971

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Bengaluru, Dec 3: Today is Wednesday, December 3, 2014. What happened on this day in history? Oneindia takes a look at the past: [Dec 2: This day in history]

Dec 3: This day in history

1762: France gives Spain all land west of the Mississippi, which is known as Upper Lousiana.

1800: The French defeat the Austrians in the Battle of Hohenlinden near Munich in Germany.

1818: Illinois becomes the 21st state of the United States of America.

1882: Nandalal Bose, famous painter of the Bengal School of Art, was born.

1884: India's first president Rajendra Prasad was born.

1889: India's young martyr Khudiram Bose was born.

1906: The US Supreme Court orders extradition of leaders of the Industrial Workers of the World (IWW) to Idaho for trial in the Steunenberg murder case.

1916: French commander Joseph Joffre, who played a key role in defeating the Germans in the First Battle of Marne in 1914, dismissed after his failure in the Battle at Somme.

1918: The Allied Powers' conference concludes in London. In the meeting, it was decided that Germany must pay for World War I.

1950: The Chinese approach Pyongyang and UN forces retreat southwards.

1967: French painter and sculptor Pierre A Renoir dies.

1971: India-Pakistan war over Bangladesh begins.

1979: Hockey legend Dhyanchand passes away.


1984: Toxic gas leaks from a Union Carbide plant in Bhopal in India results in the deaths of thousands while several more are injured. [Bhopal gas tragedy: 3 decades later, the curse is still on]

Dr. Christiaan N Barnard performed the world's first successful human heart transplant.

1989: Presidents George Bush and Mikhail Gorbachev announce the official end to the Cold War at a meeting in Malta.

1992: World's first text message is sent.

1997: Representatives of 121 nations sign the Ottawa Treaty prohibiting making or deployment of antipersonnel landmines. The USA, former USSR and China do not sign.

2005: US Mail's first manned rocket aircraft delivery takes place in Mojave, California.

2009: Suicide bombing kills 25 in Mogadishu, Somalia.

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