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Reuters historical calendar - January 14

By Staff
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London, Jan 13 (Reuters) Following are some of the major events to have occurred on January 14 since 1900: 1943 - Allied leaders met in Casablanca to agree on a strategy for ending World War Two and to demand the unconditional surrender of the Axis powers.

1953 - Marshal Josip Broz Tito was elected first president of the Republic of Yugoslavia.

1957 - Humphrey Bogart, whose films included ''The Maltese Falcon'' and ''Casablanca'', died; he won an Oscar for his role in ''The African Queen''.

1958 - Australia's Qantas Empire Airways launched the first round-the-world air service.

1965 - The prime ministers of Ireland and Northern Ireland met for the first time in 43 years.

1969 - The Soviet spacecraft Soyuz 4 was launched, followed the next day by Soyuz 5; they achieved the first docking of two manned spacecraft in Earth orbit.

1977 - Anthony Eden, British prime minister from 1955 to 1957, died. He resigned after the Suez Crisis of 1956.

1980 - The UN General Assembly approved a motion calling for immediate withdrawal of foreign troops from Afghanistan following the Soviet invasion in December 1979.

1999 - The European Parliament voted against firing the 20-member Commission for incompetence and averts a crisis by agreeing to conduct a probe into fraud and mismanagement.

2001 - After a two-day Asia-Europe Meeting (ASEM), finance ministers from 25 Asian and European nations vowed to make their economies more robust and less vulnerable to external shocks.

2003 - Tens of thousands demonstrated in Nicosia in the biggest demonstration in Turkish Cypriot history, demanding an end to decades of isolation.

2004 - Four people were killed after a suicide bomber blew herself up at the Erez crossing, in first Hamas attack involving a woman bomber.

2004 - President Bush outlined a dramatic shift in US space policy targeting a return to the moon and eventual manned mission to Mars.

2005 - The European-built space probe Huygens landed on Saturn's largest moon, Titan, in the last lap of a voyage to the moon's fog-shrouded surface.

2006 - American actress Shelley Winters, the two-time Oscar winner whose roles ranged from glamour girls to tramps, died aged 85.

REUTERS SY RAI1051

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