Will Modi govt give emphasis on agriculture to help economic growth touch 7 per cent in 2018?
New Delhi, Dec 25: Economists are hoping that 2018 will be a better year for the country's economy. In fact, a new report has predicted that the country's economic growth may touch 7 per cent in the next year.
The report suggested that in 2018 the Narendra Modi government is going to give special emphasis on the farm sector which is currently facing several problems. The latest reforms by the Modi government in the agriculture sector will be introduced just a year before the all-important 2019 Lok Sabha elections, stated the report.
"Against the Gross Domestic Product (GDP) growth of 6.3 per cent in the second quarter of 2017-18, the economic expansion may reach the crucial 7 per cent mark by the end of September 2018 quarter, while inflation may range between 4 to 5.5 per cent towards the second half of the next calendar year with the monsoon being a key imponderable," said the Associated Chambers of Commerce of India (Assocham) in its Year-Ahead Outlook.
The chamber said its projections for the 7 per cent GDP growth are based upon the assumption of stability in the government policies, good Monsoon, pick-up in industrial activity and credit growth and stable foreign exchange rates.
The coming budget is expected to be heavily tilted towards the farmers while the industrial focus will be on the sectors which create jobs, it added.
"A realisation seems to be dawning that growth per se is not enough, the benefits must be seen in the form of higher employment. The year 2018 would see policies in this direction," it said, highlighting that the stress in the agriculture sector is traceable to lack of reforms in the rural economy.
Despite political promises, several states have not been able to reform the Agricultural Produce Marketing Committee (APMC) Act, which restricts farmers to sell their produce to a particular set of cartels.
Besides, the import-export policies for the agricultural products need to be revisited to help growers realise better prices, the chamber said.
However, according to the Assocham, while the underlying bullish sentiment should continue to prevail in the Indian stock market in 2018, the returns on equity may not be as robust as in 2017.
This is because the 2017 bull run has already factored in the return of growth steadiness in 2018 and the corporate earnings witnessing a pick-up, it added.
Weak base of corporate earnings in sync with the lowering of GDP growth in later part of 2017 would also help the revival in the year ahead.
As for pick up in investment, the scenario should turn positive only in the third and fourth quarter of 2018-19, till then the current capacity surplus has to be absorbed and debts reduced, the Assocham's report said.
According to the chamber, the external sector should continue to do well, with merchandise exports further gaining on the back of smart recovery being witnessed in the United States and other important economies.
"Despite pressure on IT and ITeS exports, the services exports too should remain robust and the overall current account balance would remain well within the manageable limits with rupee continuing to remain steady. The current account deficit may remain well below 2 per cent," it said.
The report stated that after the high stake Gujarat Assembly elections, the results of which went in favour of the ruling Bharatiya Janata Party (BJP), the Modi government is going to bring more reforms in the farm sector.
The report added that in the run-up to the state assembly elections in several politically important states like Karnataka, Rajasthan, Chhattisgarh and Madhya Pradesh, the political economy is set to tilt towards the farm sector which has been witnessing some stress.
"If the government decides to bring about the much-needed reforms in the agriculture sector it would automatically help the country's economy to grow. The farmers are the country's backbone and they need to be empowered," said an economist.