What is Article 21 of the Indian Constitution?
What is Article 21 of the Indian Constitution? The Supreme Court held that Right to Privacy is a fundamental right under Article 21.
Article 21 is protection of life and personal liberty No person shall be deprived of his life or personal liberty except according to procedure established by law.
The Article prohibits the deprivation of the above rights except according to a procedure established by law .Article 21 corresponds to the Magna Carta of 1215, the Fifth Amendment to the American Constitution, Article 40(4) of the Constitution of Eire 1937, and Article XXXI of the Constitution of Japan, 1946.
Article 21 applies to natural persons. The right is available to every person, citizen or alien. Thus, even a foreigner can claim this right. It, however, does not entitle a foreigner the right to reside and settle in India, as mentioned in Article 19 (1) (e).