Chautala has been out on bail after being sentenced to 10 years in prison in the teachers' recruitment scam case.
A division bench of Justice B.D. Ahmed and Justice Siddharth Mridul expressed strong displeasure at the Central Bureau of Investigation (CBI) for failing to notify the court on the issue.
Gurgaon-based lawyer Hemant Sharma moved the court saying Chautala attended a rally in Haryana's Jind town Sep 25 while on bail without court's permission.
"His bail was cancelled for campaigning in Jind last month. Why isn't the CBI coming out with this," the court said, posting the matter for further hearing Oct 9 when the court reopens after a week-long break.
On Sep 26, the high court cancelled the interim bail granted to Chautala on medical ground.
He was first granted interim bail May 21, 2013, and has been getting extension of bail on the ground that he was currently admitted in the intensive care unit (ICU) of Medanta Hospital in Gurgaon due to poor health.
However, out of prison on bail, the Indian National Lok Dal chief addressed a political rally for about 10 minutes in Jind.
A special CBI court here Jan 22, 2013. sentenced Chautala, his son Ajay Chautala and eight others to 10 years in jail.
One of the convicts was sentenced to five years in jail, while 45 others were each handed out four-year jail terms in the case.
The Chautalas and the other accused were found guilty of illegally recruiting 3,206 junior basic trained teachers in Haryana in 2000 when Om Prakash Chautala was the chief minister.