Climate change will increase demand for energy
New Delhi, June 2 (UNI) While minimising energy use is one of the most obvious measures for checking global warming which is leading to climate change, demand for energy itself will accelerate the change.
The existing economic growth scenarios project total power generation capacity in India to increase nine times from 96 GW to 912 G W between 1995-2100. But as a result of climate change, it is estimated that approximately 1.5 per cent more power generation capacity will be required.
Increased energy demand may arise from a number of sources. For instance higher temperature can result in the need for space cooling for buildings, and variability in prediction can effect irrigation needs and consequent demand for energy from groundwater pumping.
More demand for energy would increase emission of greenhouse gases that contribute to climate change, creating a feedback effect.
For example higher demand for cooling raises demand for oil, resulting in higher emissions, says a study carried out by the India Institute of Management, Ahmedabad.
Coal is the most important fuel for power generation, although the share of natural gas and oil continues to grow at a steady rate and is projected to reach around 25 per cent.
The extent to which increased energy demand alters climate change scenarios will be influenced by the types of fuels used.
The study calls for integration of emission reduction and climate change adaptation strategies into policies that seek to promote industrial growth and urban development.
It says climate change impact on industry largely relates to infrastructure as the changes can increase risk to investment in and sustainability of large infrastructure, through damage and distruction caused by increased rainfall, temperatures and extreme events.
It calls for further research to develop a better understanding of climate and human system interaction and adaptation strategies.
These include, preparation of a catalogue of historic events, assessing the damages and providing loss estimates from coastal and inland areas as well as showing the spatial distribution of these events.