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Reuters historical calendar - July 8

Written by: Staff

London, July 7 (Reuters) Following are some of the major events to have occurred on July 8 since 1900: 1943 - Jean Moulin, hero of the French resistance, died. Known as ''Max'', he coordinated resistance in occupied France but was captured and tortured by the Gestapo and died of his injuries.

1957 - The first submarine to circumnavigate the world, the USS Gudgeon, set sail from Pearl Harbor in Hawaii.

1967 - Vivien Leigh, British actress of stage and screen, died; best known for her role in the film ''Gone with the Wind''.

1976 - Former U.S. president Richard Nixon was disbarred by a New York court after his obstruction of justice during the Watergate affair.

1990 - Albania's communist rulers, rocked by public unrest, fired their hardline interior minister and said nearly 5,000 refugees packed into foreign embassies could leave the country.

1994 - Kim Il-sung, North Korea's authoritarian ''Great Leader'' since the founding of the Stalinist state in 1948, died of a heart attack at 82.

1996 - The International Court of Justice ruled that the use or threat of nuclear weapons in war should be outlawed.

2000 - A U.S. attempt to intercept and destroy a target dummy warhead in space over the Pacific Ocean failed when the rocket did not separate from its booster.

2002 - African leaders buried the Organisation of African Unity (OAU) at a 2-day summit in Durban in preparation for the launch of the more ambitious African Union the following day.

2003 - A Sudan Airways Boeing 737 crashed after take-off near Port Sudan, on a flight to Khartoum, killing 104 passengers and the crew of 11. A 2-year-old boy was the only survivor.

2003 - In Bangladesh, up to 400 people drowned after the double-decker ferry M.V. Nasreen, on its way to Barisal from Dhaka, went down in the Meghna River at Chandpur. Six hundred were on board.

**2005 - Group of Eight (G8) leaders meeting in Gleneagles, Scotland, agreed to more than double aid for Africa to 50 billion dollar.


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