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Reuters historical calendar - July 5

Written by: Staff

London, July 4 (Reuters) Following are some of the major events to have occurred on July 5 since 1900: 1932 - Antonio de Oliveira Salazar became premier of Portugal and drafted a new constitution that established an authoritarian state.

1945 - U.S. General Douglas MacArthur announced the liberation of the whole of the Philippines.

1945 - John Curtin, prime minister of Australia during most of World War Two, died.

1948 - The National Health Service came into being in Britain.

1959 - Indonesian President Sukarno dissolved parliament and assumed dictatorial powers for himself.

1965 - Maria Callas gave her last stage performance, singing Giacomo Puccini's opera ''Tosca'' at London's Covent Garden.

1969 - The Rolling Stones gave a free concert in Hyde Park, London, in memory of Brian Jones, who had died two days before.

1969 - Thomas Mboya, Kenyan statesman, assassinated.

1975 - Arthur Ashe beat fellow American Jimmy Connors to become the first black tennis player to win the Wimbledon men's singles title.

1975 - Independence from Portugal was granted to the Republic of Cape Verde, with Aristides Pereira becoming its first president.

1977 - In Pakistan, General Mohammad Zia-ul-Haq overthrew the government of Zulfikar Ali Bhutto in a bloodless coup.

1980 - Bjorn Borg of Sweden won the Wimbledon men's singles title for the fifth consecutive year.

1989 - Former White House aide Oliver North was fined 0,000 for his role in the Iran-Contra scandal that rocked the Reagan administration.

1991 - The Bank of England said the operations of the Bank of Credit and Commerce International had been suspended, following allegations of massive fraud.

1994 - Yasser Arafat travelled to the West Bank after 27 years in exile, determined to turn Palestinian-ruled areas into a state with its capital in East Jerusalem.

1994 - In Italy, a graft trial opened with two former prime ministers heading a list of accused reading like a ''Who's Who'' of the country's fallen mighty.

2000 - Turkey's appeals court confirmed a one-year jail sentence imposed on Islamist former Prime Minister Necmettin Erbakan for provoking hatred in a 1994 speech.

2001 - Hannelore Kohl, the wife of former German Chancellor Helmut Kohl, took her own life after years of suffering from a rare illness that made her allergic to light.

2002 - Katy Jurado, Mexican actress and writer, died. Best known for her roles in U.S. films ''High Noon'' and ''Broken Lance'', she also wrote features and reviews and was an authority on bullfighting. She was 78.

2002 - Legendary baseball star Ted Williams, one of the greatest hitters of all time and the last American to hit .400 for a season, died. He was 83.

2003 - The Countess of Paris, Isabelle d'Orleans et Bragance, wife of Henri d'Orleans, pretender to the throne of France, died.

She spent a large part of her life in exile as a member of the French royal family.

2003 - Two Chechen women suicide bombers killed 15 other people when they blew themselves up at an open-air rock festival at Moscow's Tushino airfield. 60 were injured.


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