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Reuters historical calendar - April 19

By Staff
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London, Apr 18 (Reuters) Following are some of the major events to have occurred on April 19 since 1900: 1906 - The French chemist and physicist Pierre Curie was run over and killed in Paris. Together with his wife Marie, he worked on magnetism and radioactivity.

1927 - The actress Mae West was found guilty of indecent behaviour in her Broadway production ''Sex''.

1943 - During World War Two, Polish Jews rose up and drove 2,000 German troops from the Warsaw ghetto in what was to be a failed rebellion against the Nazi occupiers.

1956 - Prince Rainier of Monaco married the American film actress Grace Kelly.

1960 - A student uprising toppled the authoritarian government of South Korean President Syngman Rhee.

1967 - Konrad Adenauer, West German chancellor from 1949 to 1963 and architect of its recovery from Nazi domination and world war, died.

1995 - A huge car bomb tore apart the Alfred P. Murrah building in Oklahoma City, killing 168 people.

1997 - The first ship to sail directly to Taiwan from China in 48 years steamed into Kaohsiung port, completing an historic crossing of one of the world's great political divides.

1999 - German Chancellor Gerhard Schroeder declared a new ''Berlin Republic'' as parliament sat for the first time in Berlin's newly renovated Reichstag after moving from the post-war West German capital, Bonn.

2001 - In Burundi, about 30 dissident soldiers who had attempted a coup surrendered peacefully as President Pierre Buyoya returned home to shore up his government's authority.

2003 - Somaliland's President Dahir Riyale Kahin was declared winner of the first multi-party presidential election in Somalia's breakaway enclave, beating his closest rival by just 80 votes.

2004 - The Hague war crimes tribunal reduced Bosnian Serb general Radislav Krstic's conviction for the 1995 Srebrenica massacre from genocide to aiding and abetting genocide and cut his jail sentence to 35 years from 46.

2004 - Author and sport commentator Norris McWhirter, who founded Guinness World Records with his twin brother Ross, died aged 78.

2005 - The conservative German cardinal Joseph Ratzinger was elected Pope and took the name of Benedict XVI.

REUTERS SHB DS1102

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