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Reuters historical calendar - April 17

Written by: Staff

London, Apr 16 (Reuters) Following are some of the major events to have occurred on April 17 since 1900: 1941 - In World War Two, the Yugoslav army and government surrendered to the Germans in Belgrade. On the same day, the British Air Force rescued King Peter of Yugoslavia from Kotor.

1957 - Archbishop Makarios of Cyprus arrived back in Athens after A 13-month exile in the Seychelles.

1960 - The American rock star Eddie Cochran died in a car crash while on tour with Gene Vincent in Britain.

1961 - US-backed exiles attempted to invade Cuba at the Bay of Pigs. The attempt failed after a three-day battle in which 100 were killed and over 1,000 captured.

1969 - Alexander Dubcek, leader of the Prague Spring reform movement, resigned as Czechoslovak Communist party leader and was replaced by Gustav Husak.

1969 - Sirhan B. Sirhan was found guilty of the first degree murder of Senator Robert Kennedy, who was shot while campaigning for the Democratic presidential nomination in California in June 1968.

1970 - The US spacecraft Apollo 13 splashed down after its near-disastrous trip to the moon.

1975 - Khmer Rouge guerrillas seized the Cambodian caital Phnom Penh and began a reign of terror in which more than one million people died.

1989 - The Polish trade union Solidarity was legalised by the Communist government after a seven-year ban.

1993 - Turgut Ozal, president of Turkey from 1989, died of a heart attack.

1996 - Police gunned down 19 landless peasants in one of Brazil's bloodiest massacres.

1997 - Former president Chaim Herzog, who defended Israel on the battlefield, chronicled its history and championed its cause at the United Nations, died aged 78.

2000 - Ukraine announced that President Leonid Kuchma had won a landslide victory in a referendum on extending his powers.

2001 - Two Rwandan nuns were among four people charged with taking part in a 1994 massacre who went on trial in Brussels.

2002 - Xanana Gusmao, a former guerrilla leader, was declared the landslide winner of East Timor's first presidential election. It became the world's newest nation on May 20.

2003 - Robert Atkins, advocate of a popular but controversial high-protein, low-carbohydrate diet, died.

2004 - An Israeli helicopter missile strike killed top Hamas leader Abdel-Aziz al-Rantissi. Rantissi had depicted himself as a Hamas politician with no links to the military wing. Israel accused him of being a top decision-maker on attacks.

2005 - Mehmet Ali Talat was elected Turkish Cypriot leader, winning 56 per cent of the vote in a poll to succeed the hawkish nationalist Rauf Denktash.


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