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Reuters historical calendar - April 5

Written by: Staff

LONDON, Apr 4 (Reuters) Following are some of the major events to have occurred on April 5 since 1900: 1902 - Twenty people died and at least 200 were injured when terracing collapsed at Ibrox Park in Glasgow during a soccer match between Scotland and England.

1941 - Allied forces re-captured Addis Ababa in World War Two.

1951 - Julius and Ethel Rosenberg were sentenced to death in the United States for passing atomic secrets to the Russians.

1955 - Winston Churchill resigned as British prime minister.

1964 - Douglas MacArthur, U.S. Pacific commander in World War Two who also directed the postwar occupation of Japan, died.

1964 - Prime Minister Jigme Dorji of Bhutan was assassinated while the king was in Europe.

1970 - Count Carl von Spreti, West German ambassador to Guatemala, was found murdered six days after being kidnapped by guerrillas.

1975 - Chiang Kai-shek, Chinese military and political leader, died; Chiang fled to Taiwan after his Nationalist forces lost the Chinese civil war against Mao Zedong in 1949.

1988 - Arab gunmen seized a Kuwait Airways Boeing 747 carrying 115 passengers and killed two Kuwaitis. The hijackers surrendered on April 20 in Algiers.

1989 - The Polish government legalised the Solidarity union and introduced democratic measures into the political system.

1995 - Israel launched its first spy satellite, the Ofek 3. It was put into space by an Israeli Shavit rocket.

1997 - Allen Ginsberg, poet of the beat generation, died.

1998 - Japan's Akashi Kaikyo Bridge, the world's longest suspension bridge, opened for public use.

1999 - Two Libyans suspected of the 1988 Lockerbie bombing were handed over and flown to the Netherlands for trial.

2001 - A Dutch truck driver, Perry Wacker, was convicted of the manslaughter of 58 Chinese immigrants who suffocated in an airtight container on the back of his truck as it travelled to Britain. A British court sentenced him to 14 years in prison.

2003 - U.S. troops entered Baghdad.

2005 - Saul Bellow, who rose from writing book reviews for apiece to become one of America's greatest novelists after World War Two, died aged 89. Winner of the Nobel Prize, Bellow's novels included ''The Adventures of Augie March,'' ''Herzog,'' and ''Henderson the Rain King.'' Reuters DKS BD1113

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