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Reuters historical calendar - March 3

Written by: Staff
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London, Mar 2 (Reuters) Following are some of the major events to have occurred on March 3 since 1900: 1918 - Germany and its allies signed the Treaty of Brest-Litovsk with Soviet-controlled Russia, ending hostilities between them in World War One.

1924 - Turkish President Mustafa Kemal, later known as Ataturk, abolished the Muslim caliphate and expelled the caliph and his family from the country as part of modernising reforms.

1931 - ''The Star-Spangled Banner'' was adopted as the US national anthem.

1959 - Lou Costello, American actor famous in comedy duo with Bud Abbott, died.

1974 - A Turkish Airlines DC-10 crashed into a forest northeast of Paris shortly after takeoff from Orly Airport, killing all 346 people aboard.

1983 - Arthur Koestler, Hungarian-born writer who settled in Britain, committed suicide along with his wife. His best-known work was the novel ''Darkness At Noon''.

1991 - Large majorities in Latvia and Estonia voted for independence from the Soviet Union in referendums.

1996 - French writer Marguerite Duras died. Among her best known works was the screenplay for ''Hiroshima Mon Amour''.

2002 - Swiss voters abandoned centuries of political isolationism and narrowly agreed that their staunchly neutral country should join the United Nations.

2003 - Greece started the trial of 19 suspected November 17 guerrillas in an Athens prison in one of the most sensational cases in the country's history. Fifteen were later found guilty and four others acquitted.

2004 - The French Senate passed a law banning Muslim headscarves in state schools by an overwhelming 276-20 majority.

2005 - Adventurer Steve Fossett became the first person to make a nonstop, solo flight around the world without refuelling, landing in Kansas, United States, after nearly three days in the air.

REUTERS KD SP1103

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