She said, "Time is less. Since 2015 is the 70th anniversary of the UN, this milestone decision of reforming the UNSC should be done by next year."
What is UNSC?
- The United Nations Security Council (UNSC) is one of the six principal organs of the United Nations.
- It works toward maintaining international peace and security.
- Its powers include establishment of peacekeeping operations, and international sanctions.
What is meant by UNSC reforms?
- UNSC reforms encompasses five key issues. These are
- Categories of membership & question of the veto held by the five permanent members
- Regional representation, size of an enlarged Council and its working methods
- Security Council-General Assembly relationship.
- The UNSC reform has been on the agenda of the UN since 1993.
Why India is pressing for UNSC reforms?
- Among other things, one of the proposed changes is to admit more permanent members.
- Increasing number of non-permanent members from 10 to 15 and adding more permanent members without giving the veto power.
- India, since long time, has been demanding expansion of UNSC and its inclusion as permanent member in it.
- Along with India, other candidates making similar demands are Brazil, Germany and Japan. All G4 nations.
- The United Kingdom, France and Russia support G-4 membership in the UNSC.
Why India deserves a permanent place in UNSC?
- India was among the founding members of United Nations.
- It has been a member of UNSC for 7 terms and a member of G-77 and G-4, so permanent membership is a logical extension.
- It is the second largest and a one of the largest constant contributor of troops to United Nations Peacekeeping missions.
- Today, India has over 8,500 peacekeepers in the field, more than twice as many as the UN's five big powers combined.
- India, largest liberal democracy is home to world's second largest population.
- It is also the world's tenth largest economy by nominal GDP and third largest by purchasing power parity.
- India is only country from G-4 which is backed by all permanent members on the issue.