How Myanmar military used sexual violence against Rohingya women to maim the community
Dhaka, Nov 16: There is no end to heart-wrenching stories of Rohingya men, women and children currently taking shelter in camps in Bangladesh's Cox's Bazar district.
Now, reports state that Myanmar soldiers "systematically targeted" Rohingya women for gang rape during violence against the minority Muslim community which triggered an exodus to Bangladesh.
The allegation has been levelled by an United Nations (UN) special envoy recently. Till date, at least 622,000 Rohingyas have fled to Bangladesh from Myanmar since violence erupted in Rakhine State on August 25.
Aid workers and experts say 200,000 more Rohingyas are likely to enter Bangladesh in the coming weeks as the exodus of the minority Muslims from Myanmar continues unabated.
Pramila Patten, a special representative of the UN Secretary-General on sexual violence in conflict, made the comments after visiting Bangladesh's southeastern district of Cox's Bazar where lakhs of Rohingyas have taken refuge in the last ten weeks.
Many of these atrocities "could be crimes against humanity", she said. "I heard horrific stories of rape and gang rape, with many of the women and girls who died as a result of the rape," Patten told reporters in Dhaka.
"My observations point to a pattern of widespread atrocities, including sexual violence against Rohingya women and girls who have been systematically targeted on account of their ethnicity and religion."
The sexual violence in Myanmar's northern state of Rakhine was "commanded, orchestrated and perpetrated by the armed forces of Myanmar", she said.
"The forms of sexual violence we consistently heard about from survivors include gang rape by multiple soldiers, forced public nudity and humiliation and sexual slavery in military captivity."
"One survivor described being held in captivity by the Myanmar armed forces for 45 days, during which time she was repeatedly raped. Others still bore visible scars, bruises and bite marks attesting to their ordeal," Patten added.
Deadly raids by Rohingya militants on Myanmar police posts on August 25 sparked ferocious reprisals against the community by the military in the mainly Buddhist nation.
The special representative said others involved in the sexual violence include Myanmar border police and militias composed of Buddhists and other ethnic groups in Rakhine.
Refugees are still streaming across the border from Rakhine into Bangladesh, where hundreds of thousands have settled in squalid camps.
The UN now estimates the majority of Rohingyas once living in Rakhine--previously estimated at around one million--has fled a campaign of violence it has likened to ethnic cleansing.
Patten said the sexual violence was a key reason behind the exodus and occurred in the context of "collective persecution" of Rohingyas.
"The widespread threat and use of sexual violence was clearly a driver and push factor for forced displacement on a massive scale and a calculated tool of terror aimed at the extermination and the removal of Rohingyas as a group," she said.
For decades Rohingyas have faced persecution in Myanmar, where they are denied citizenship and denigrated as illegal "Bengali" immigrants.
Recently, Prime Minister of Bangladesh Sheikh Hasina has appealed to the international community to pressurise Myanmar to take back its "citizens", as the host nation of refugees is finding it hard to provide adequate shelter, food and other basic essentials needed for humanely existence of a person.