Gulbarga in Urdu means the city of flowers and gardens, was renamed Kalaburagi, Kal-means stone, buragi means Fort effective 1 November 2014.
The history of Gulbarga dates to the 6th century. The Rashtrakutas gained control over the area, but the Chalukyas regained their domain within a short period and reigned supreme for over 200 years.
This constituency was created before the first general elections in 1951.
Gulbarga Fort built in 1347 in a much-deteriorated state, but it has a number of interesting buildings inside, including the Jama Masjid. The mosque is unique in India, with a huge dome covering the whole area, four smaller ones at the corners, and 75 smaller still all the way around.
The fort itself has 15 towers. Gulbarga also has a number of imposing tombs(Haft Gumbaz) of Bahmani kings.