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Cauvery Waters verdict: Explained in 17 points

By Vicky

Celebrations broke out in Karnataka following the verdict of the Supreme Court in the Cauvery Waters issue.

Cauvery water dispute verdict: Karnataka gets more water due to drinking water crisis in Bengaluru

Cauvery Waters verdict: Explained in 17 points

The court said that Karnataka would get an additional 14.75 tmc ft of Cauvery water. Here are the key observations of the Cauvery Waters verdict delivered by the Supreme Court.

  • Karnataka will provide 177.2 TMC water to Tamil Nadu.
  • Increased the Cauvery water share of Karnataka by 14.75 tmc ft because of increased drinking water requirement of Bangalore residents and other industrial activities.
  • Karnataka would be releasing 177.25 tmc ft Cauvery water to TN from Biligundulu every year.
  • No deviance shall be shown by any state.
  • SC permits TN to draw additional 10 tmc ft ground water from a total available 20 tmc beneath Cauvery basis.
  • Bengaluru will receive an additional 4.2 TMC of water. "The pre-independence agreement is valid. Karnataka gets additional water keeping in mind the water shortage that Bengaluru is facing.
  • Tribunal award of 30 tmc ft Cauvery water for Kerala and 7 for Puducherry upheld.
  • 1921 agreements on Cauvery water sharing cannot be questioned now by Karnataka as it did not do so in 1947 nor in 1956.
  • 1921 agreement had expired in 1971 and it cannot be the basis for water sharing now.
  • Rivers are national resources and no single state can claim exclusive right over a inter-state river just because it originates from that particular state.
  • Tribunal erred in thinking that Bengaluru falls outside the Cauvery basin and it has 60% ground water.
  • Tribunal's order of 30 TMC Cauvery water to Kerala upheld.
  • Puducherry allowed a second crop considering its geopolitical position. It can cultivate 43k acres. However no enhancement in allocation of water.
  • Karnataka is entitled to marginal relief. There is "no perversity" in tribunal's allocation of water to TN.
  • The 1924 post-Mettur dam agreement expired in 1974. Now the principle of water allocation is based on "equitable apportionment" and not primacy.
  • The 1924 post-Mettur dam agreement expired in 1974. Now the principle of water allocation is based on "equitable apportionment" and not primacy.
  • The 1892 and 1924 agreements on Cauvery river water allocation were not "political arrangements" but based on public interest.

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