ISRO for Improving National Space Programme

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Indian Space Research Organisation (ISRO) was formed in the year 1969 and it superseded the erstwhile Indian National Committee for Space Research.

Under the leadership and guidance of Vikram Sarabhai the role and importance of space technology in Nation's development was identified and from there on ISRO has been providing the necessary direction to function as an agent of development. Here are some notable achievements of ISRO within the first two months of the year 2016:


Improve National Space Programme:

In the year 2016, ISRO plans to realise: the constellation of Indian Regional Navigation Satellite System; two earth observation satellites with improved capabilities viz. Cartosat-2C & Resourcesat-2A; an advanced communication satellite GSAT-18; two weather satellites namely INSAT-3DR for meteorological observations and SCATSAT-1 for wind vector measurements; and development of heavy lift launcher GSLV Mk III to build indigenous capability in launching 4-tonne class satellites.

Out of the 7 navigation satellites required in the Indian Regional Navigation Satellite System (IRNSS) constellation, five navigation satellites (IRNSS-1A,1B, 1C, 1D & 1E) have already been operationalised in the orbit. The sixth satellite 'IRNSS-1F' is scheduled for launch on March 10, 2016. The seventh satellite 'IRNSS-1G' is likely to be launched by April 2016.

ISRO is Developing Station in Vietnam:

As part of Space Cooperation between India and Association of South East Asian Nations (ASEAN), Indian Space Research Organisation (ISRO), at the behest of Government of India, is working towards the establishment of a Satellite Tracking and Data Reception Station and Data Processing Facility in Vietnam for ASEAN Member countries.

This facility is intended to acquire and process Indian Remote Sensing Satellite data pertaining to ASEAN region and disseminate to ASEAN Member countries.

Under this initiative, all ASEAN member countries will be allowed to access processed remote sensing data pertaining to their country.

Ground facility is designed in such a way that it will not allow Indian data to be accessed and processed by the system.

PSLV-C32 successfully launches India's Sixth Navigation Satellite:

In its thirty fourth flight, ISRO's Polar Satellite Launch Vehicle, PSLV-C32, successfully launched the 1,425 kg IRNSS-1F, the sixth satellite in the Indian Regional Navigation Satellite System (IRNSS) from the Satish Dhawan Space Centre SHAR, Sriharikota.

This is the thirty third consecutively successful mission of PSLV and the twelfth in its 'XL' configuration. IRNSS-1F is the sixth of the seven satellites constituting the space segment of the Indian Regional Navigation Satellite System.

IRNSS-1A, 1B, 1C, ID and IE, the first five satellites of the constellation, were successfully launched by PSLV on July 02, 2013, April 04, 2014, October 16, 2014, March 28, 2015 and January 20, 2016 respectively. All the five satellites are functioning satisfactorily from their designated orbital positions.

IRNSS is an independent regional navigation satellite system designed to provide position information in the Indian region and 1,500 km around the Indian mainland. IRNSS would provide two types of services, namely, Standard Positioning Services (SPS) - provided to all users - and Restricted Services (RS), provided to authorised users.

A number of ground stations responsible for the generation and transmission of navigation parameters, satellite ranging and monitoring, etc. have been established in eighteen locations across the country.

ISRO launching foreign countries' satellites:

During the last three years starting from January 2013 until December 2015, a total of 28 International customer satellites belonging to 9 countries were launched namely: Austria (2), Canada (5), Denmark (1), France (1), Germany (1), Indonesia (1), Singapore (7), UK (6), USA (4).

These satellites were launched on board India's Polar Satellite Launch Vehicle (PSLV) under the commercial arrangement entered into between Antrix Corporation Limited (Antrix), the commercial arm of ISRO and the international customer.

Antrix has earned revenue of 80.6 Million Euros through launching of these 28 international customer satellites. The Cryogenic Rocket Development Programme is funded by the Government.

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