NAM resolves to act effectively against terrorism
Havana, Sep 17: Leaders of the Non-Aligned Movement (NAM) today strongly and unequivocally condemned and rejected terrorism in all its forms and manifestations and resolved to act speedily and effectively to eliminate the global scourge.
In the final document adopted at its 14th Summit, the movement urged member-countries to help combat the evil by prosecuting or extraditing the perpetrators of terrorist acts and preventing the organisation, instigation or financing of terrorism against other states from their territories.
The 116-member grouping called for an international summit conference under the auspices of the United Nations to formulate a joint organised response to terrorism, including identifying its root causes.
The document, however, said terrorism should not be equated with the legitimate struggle of peoples under colonial or alien domination and foreign occupation for self-determination and national liberation.
Prime Minister Manmohan Singh led the Indian delegation to the summit, which ended late last night.
The document emphasised that the present global scenario presented great challenges in the areas of peace and security, economic development and social progress, human rights and the rule of law to non-aligned countries.
The leaders noted that the movement's desire to establish a peaceful and prosperous world as well as a just and equitable world order remained encumbered by fundamental impediments.
These include the continuing lack of resources and underdevelopment of a majority of the developing world, on the one hand, and the continuing lack of cooperation and coercive and unilateral measures imposed by some developed countries, in a veiled reference to the US.
''The rich and powerful countries continue to exercise an inordinate influence in determining the nature and direction of international relations, including economic and trade relations, as well as the rules governing these relations, many of which are at the expense of developing countries,'' the final document said.
According to it, globalisation must be transformed into a positive force for change for all peoples, benefitting the largest number of countries. NAM said new technological innovations must be made more easily available to developing countries in their efforts to modernise and revitalise their economies.
The document said it was imperative for NAM to promote multilateralism, especially by strengthening the central role of the UN, defending the interests of developing countries and preventing their marginalisation.
The summit, which saw Cuba take over as Chair of NAM from Malaysia for the next three years, decided on a series of measures to strengthen the movement and review and redefine its role in the post-Cold War, post-9/11 world.
It agreed to promote and preserve dialogue among civilisations, culture of peace and inter-faith dialogue to promote peace and security. It decided to strengthen the role of NAM in peaceful settlement of disputes, conflict prevention and resolution, confidence-building and post-conflict peacebuilding and rehabilitation.
The NAM leaders opposed and condemned the categorisation of countries as good or evil based on ''unilateral and unjustified criteria'' and the adoption of the doctrine of pre-emptive attack by certain states.
The final document stressed the need for reform of the UN system, especially the Security Council.
The movement expressed deep concern over the slow progress towards nuclear disarmament. It underscored the need for Nuclear Weapons States to implement an undertaking they gave in 2000 so as to accomplish the total elimination of nuclear weapons.
The summit also issued a ''Declaration on the Purposes and Principles and the Role of the Non-Aligned Movement in the present International Juncture.'' It reiterated that the principles and purposes of NAM continued to be effective and valid. ''The absence of two conflicting blocs in no way reduces the need to strengthen the NAM as a mechanism for the political coordination of developing countries. Now more than ever it is essential that our nations remain united and steadfast and are increasingly active in order to successfully confront unilateralism and interventionism,'' it said.
In his closing address to the summit, Cuba's acting President Raul Castro said the discussions and decisions at the meeting showed that members had decided to give priority to that which united them.