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Reuters historical calendar - September 11

Written by: Staff
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London, Sep 10 (Reuters) Following are some of the major events to have occurred on September 11 since 1900: 1922 - A British mandate was proclaimed in Palestine. It came into effect at the end of the month, despite Arab protests.

1944 - The US First Army crossed the border into German territory in World War Two.

1950 - The South African soldier-statesman Jan Christian Smuts died aged 80. He was Prime Minister from 1919-24 and again from 1939 until the Afrikaner National Party took over in 1948.

1962 - The Beatles finished recording their first single, ''Love Me Do'', at Abbey Road Studios in London.

1971 - Nikita Khrushchev, the former Soviet Communist Party leader who denounced Joseph Stalin and paved the way for peaceful coexistence with the West, died aged 77.

1973 - President Salvador Allende of Chile died in unclear circumstances during a military coup led by General Augusto Pinochet.

1978 - The Bulgarian defector Georgi Markov was stabbed with a poison-tipped umbrella in London, dying four days later.

1994 - The actress Jessica Tandy, who won an Oscar for ''Driving Miss Daisy'', died aged 85.

1997 - Scotland voted in favour of a British government plan to give it its own assembly for the first time in nearly 300 years.

1998 - Independent counsel Kenneth Starr's report on US President Bill Clinton was published, listing 11 potentially impeachable offences.

2001 - Four hijacked planes crashed into New York's twin World Trade Center towers, the Pentagon in Washington and a field in Pennsylvania, killing 2,973 people. The coordinated attack was unprecedented in modern history and blamed by the United States on the al Qaeda network of the Saudi-born Islamic militant Osama bin Laden.

2004 - Specialist Armin Cruz, the first US military intelligence soldier to be court-martialled over the abuse of detainees at the Abu Ghraib prison in Iraq, was sentenced to eight months in jail, a reduction in rank and a bad-conduct discharge.

2005 - Israel's cabinet declared an end to military rule in the Gaza Strip, effectively giving the green light for a final evacuation of troops after 38 years of occupation.

Reuters DKA VP1211

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