Space shuttle Discovery soars on third launch try
CAPE CANAVERAL, Fla., July 5: The US space shuttle Discovery blasted off from its seaside Florida launch pad yesterday on a do-or-die mission for NASA's beleaguered shuttle program and the half-built International Space Station.
The shuttle and its seven-member crew lifted off at 2:38 p.m. EDT (1838 GMT) yesterday following two postponements over the weekend because of poor weather at the Kennedy Space Center.
''Great nations dare great things and take risks along the way and I can think of no better way to explore the space frontier than the way we set out today,'' said shuttle program manager Wayne Hale.
The shuttle rocketed skyward atop a pillar of flame and orange-tinged smoke, arcing over the Atlantic Ocean before settling into orbit.
A video camera mounted on the shuttle's fuel tank provided a magnificent view of the ascent to space, but also caught sight of several pieces of foam insulation flying off the fuel tank.
Shuttle managers have warned for weeks that the shuttle's fuel tank, which was blamed for the 2003 Columbia accident, would continue to shed debris, but that no pieces would be large enough to damage the shuttle in case of impact.
''This isn't too abnormal,'' said Bill Gerstenmaier, associate administrator for spaceflight. ''We fully expected to lose some foam.'' The Discovery astronauts reported seeing foam debris and what appeared to be an insulating blanket floating away.
NASA needs a successful mission to resume construction of the planned 0 billion space station, a project sponsored by 16 nations. Assembly of the outpost has been on hold since the 2003 Columbia disaster.
FUEL TANK NASA had hoped to resume station construction last year following the first post-Columbia mission but the shuttle's fuel tank, like the one on Columbia, shed large pieces of insulating foam during launch. Managers grounded the fleet again for repairs.
The tank already has been redesigned twice and the agency's top engineer and chief of safety had wanted to postpone Discovery's launch until after additional work was done.
NASA Administrator Michael Griffin, however, decided to proceed with launch, knowing that the shuttle crew could be housed aboard the space station if their ship was hit by debris and sustained damage too severe to return home safely.
Delaying Discovery's launch, Griffin said, would put too much pressure on the shuttle program, which needs to fly 16 missions to the station to complete construction before 2010.
Today, the Discovery crew will begin detailed examinations of their ship's heat shield for signs of damage from debris impacts.
NASA has spent about 1.3 billion dollar fixing the shuttle's fuel tank and developing other safety upgrades since the Columbia accident. The agency has no more time or money to spend on major refurbishments if additional problems are discovered.
Shuttle commander Steve Lindsey, 45, pilot Mark Kelly, 42, and mission specialists Mike Fossum, 48, Lisa Nowak, 43, Stephanie Wilson, 39, and British-born American Piers Sellers, 51, waved small American flags as they headed from their quarters to the launch pad, marking the US Independence Day.
Thomas Reiter, 48, of Germany, waved a German flag. He will be the first European to live on the space station and is scheduled to return home in December.