Garbage Garbage everywhere in Delhi by 2020
New Delhi, Apr 30: Garbage, garbage littered everywhere! That could well be the state of the national Capital in the year 2020 given the rate at which garbage is increasing every year with the present methods of waste management woefully inadequate to deal with the situation.
In fact, according to estimates of the Municipal Corporation of Delhi (MCD), even the present level of 6000-7000 metric tonnes of garbage generated everyday is proving "too much to handle" for the MCD.
If this is the situation at present, it could be worse by 2020 when the total quantity of garbage could increase to 17000-20000 metric tonnes per day.
The present solid waste management system of the MCD, which comprises collection, transportation and disposal of solid waste, has a total capacity of disposal of 5500-6000 Metric tonnes of garbage per day. The waste from the households, as well as garbage from various roads and side lanes are collected by 49000 MCD safai karamcharis in Delhi and then disposed of in about 2500 municipal receptacles called dhalaos in different parts of the city from where they are transported by 700 trucks to the three landfill sites, in Bhalaswa in Jahangirpuri area, Okhla and Ghazipur.
According to a recent study, the three landfill sites are presently able to dispose of just close to 5000-6000 tonnes of garbage per day, which was actually the level of the solid waste generated in the city a few years ago.
However, since then, the quantity of garbage generated per day has increased to close to 7000 metric tonnes.
The result! Today, one finds garbage littered almost everywhere in the city - in the nallahs, parks and also on roads.
MCD sources say that the garbage littered on roads and parks gives rise to various diseases besides being unhygeinic and unpleasant.
If this is the situation at present, it could be worse by 2020 by when the total quantity of garbage could increase to 17000-20000 metric tonnes per day.
Further, is also leads to the multiplication of mosquitoes, besides nuisance by stray dogs, stray cows, buffaloes and pigs, as is presently the case in several areas of East Delhi and North Delhi. Sources in the MCD say that the solution to the problem lies solely in the "zero waste management strategy by segregation of garbage".
As part of the strategy, some of the garbage could, after recycling, be sold to the 'kabadies'(ragpickers) while the remaining biodegradable garbage could be disposed of at the sanitary landfill sites.
The recyclable garbage would be collected in blue coloured dustbins whereas biodegradable waste would be collected in Green dustbins.
Biodegradable garbage will be recycled into compost whereas recycable garbage would be used again after recycling.
MCD sources feel that with this strategy, the quantity of garbage will decrease substantially thereby ensuring an aesthetic and beautiful Delhi.
Further, the MCD will shortly embark on various eco-friendly and ultra-modern solid waste treatment and disposal facilities. The facilities envisage setting up of two compost plants of 200 Tonnes per day capacity each at Okhla, methanisation plant of 50 TPD capacity at Narela Bawana road, refuse derive fuel plant of 100 TPD capacity at Burari, Jahangirpuri and Bakarwala and landfill sites at Narela Bawana road and Bhatti mines.