New Delhi, Feb 24: An interesting statistic would show that 92 per cent of the donations that were made to the Bharatiya Janata Party were made from corporate houses and the business sector.
92% of donations to BJP above Rs 20,000 were from corporate houses/ business sector. A total of 704 donations from corporate/business sectors amounting to Rs 157.84 crores were made to BJP.
This report, prepared by Association for Democratic Reforms (ADR) and National Election Watch (NEW), focuses on donations received by the National Political Party, Bharatiya Janata Party, above Rs 20,000, during the Financial Year 2013-14, as submitted by BJP to the Election Commission of India (ECI) on December 20 2014.
Number of donors contributing above Rs 20,000 to National Parties:
The total amount of donations above Rs 20,000 received by National Political Parties during FY 2013-14 was calculated from the donations report submitted to the Election Commission annually.
The total amount of donations above Rs 20,000 declared by the National Parties was Rs. 247.79 crores, from 2361 donations. BSP declared that the party received no donations above Rs 20,000.
The donations declared by BJP amounts to 69% of the total donations declared by all the National Parties together.
On an average, BJP received Rs 13.19 lakhs per unique donor (A donor who might or might not have made multiple donations during FY 2013-14). INC received Rs 11.70 lakhs per unique donor, NCP: Rs 1 crore, CPI: Rs 3.23 lakhs and CPM: Rs 4.03 lakhs per unique donor.
Comparison of donations received by National Parties during FY 2012-13 and FY 2013-14
The total donations of BJP, INC, NCP and CPI during FY 2013-14 showed an increase of 158%, from the previous financial year, 2012-13. The total donations of BJP during FY 2013-14 increased by Rs 87.67 crores from Rs 83.19 crores during FY 2012-13 to Rs 170.86 crores during FY 2013-14 (105% increase).
Donations to BJP during FY 2013-14
BJP received maximum donations of Rs 55.86 crores from 32 donors who donated between Rs 1 crore and Rs 10 crores.
Bharti Group's Satya Electoral Trust donated the maximum amount of Rs 41.37 crores to BJP from 3 donations followed by Sterlite Industries India Ltd which donated Rs 15 crores from 4 donations and Cairn India Ltd. which donated Rs 7.50 crores from 2 donations to the party.
It is to be noted that none of the above 3 donors donated to BJP during FY 2012-13.
Bharti Group's Satya Electoral Trust was also the top donor to INC, contributing Rs 36.50 crores to the party during FY 2013-14.
Satya Electoral Trust made the maximum contribution of Rs 4 crores to NCP too during FY 2013-14.
8% of donations to BJP above Rs 20,000 were made by individuals. 772 individual donors donated a total of Rs 12.99 crores to the party during FY 2013-14.
Four donations declared by BJP contained details of only the amount donated by the donor but not the details of the donors. The total donations from such donors amounted to Rs 2.75 lakhs (0.02% of total donations).
State-wise donations to National Parties
A total of Rs 45.21 crores was donated to BJP from 119 donations from Delhi by both corporates and individuals together. It is to be noted that INC received maximum donations from Delhi (Rs 39.05 crores), as did CPI (Rs 54.6 lakhs) and CPM (Rs 1.88 crores) during FY 2013-14.
Donations to BJP from Gujarat amounted to Rs 23.25 crores followed by 22.24 crores from Maharashtra. It is to be noted that 3 donations from individuals from Singapore was made to BJP, amounting to a total of Rs 8.50 lakhs. These were the only declared donations from outside India.