UP polls 2017: Vote-shares of 4 major parties among social groups in 2007, 2009, 2012 polls

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The politics of Uttar Pradesh is a cobweb of social groups and their interplay. Besides the upper castes, Jats, Yadavs, Kurmis, Other Backward Castes, the Muslims also make up an important part of the political competition that elections bring with them.

The electoral battle in the state is a four-corner one and is fought between the two regional parties---Bahujan Samaj Party (BSP) which is currently in power and the Sanajwadi Party (SP) and the two national parties---the Congress and BJP.

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Here we take a look at the vote-share of each of these four parties among the main social groups in the state in the 2007 and 2012 Assembly elections and 2009 Lok Sabha election for convenience of comparison:

VOTE SHARE (%) OF PARTIES AMONG SOCIAL GROUPS IN 2007 UP ELECTION
Social groups BSP SP Congress BJP Others
Brahmins 16 10 19 44 08
Rajputs 12 20 09 46 09
Vaishyas 14 12 10 52 12
Other upper castes 15 17 12 41 14
Jats 10 08 02 18 02
Yadavs 07 72 04 05 10
Kurmis 16 17 06 42 16
Other OBCs 30 20 09 17 19
Jatavs 86 04 02 03 04
Other SCs 64 16 04 09 13
Muslims 18 45 14 03 13
Others 27 23 12 14 18
VOTE SHARE OF PARTIES AMONG SOCIAL GROUPS IN 2009 LOK SABHA POLL
Social groups BSP SP Congress BJP Others
Brahmins 09 05 31 53 01
Rajputs 07 12 06 53 12
Vaishyas 14 11 18 57 00
Other Upper Castes 10 06 31 54 00
Jats 41 10 13 31 05
Yadavs 05 73 11 06 06
Kurmis 18 18 28 20 17
Other OBCs 19 25 17 29 10
Jatavs 84 05 04 05 02
Other SCs 64 10 16 08 02
Muslims 18 30 25 06 21
Others 27 23 17 24 10
VOTE-SHARE OF PARTIES AMONG SOCIAL GROUPS IN 2012 UP ELECTION
Social groups BSP SP Congress BJP Others
Brahmins 19 19 13 38 11
Rajputs 14 26 13 29 16
Vaishyas 15 12 21 42 10
Other Upper Castes 17 15 13 17 34
Jats 16 07 11 07 15
Yadavs 11 66 04 09 10
Kurmis 19 35 13 20 12
Other OBCs 19 26 12 17 23
Jatavs 62 15 05 05 12
Other SCs 45 18 17 11 08
Muslims 20 39 18 07 15
Others 23 31 09 16 21

Source: CSDS Data Unit

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