Off-'Grounded', why the Centre and the Opposition debate over Land Bill

Bengaluru, April 20: The Right to Fair Compensation and Transparency in Land Acquisition, Rehabilitation and Resettlement (Amendment) Bill, 2015, which is popularly known as the Land Bill has been debated in the Lok Sabha and is being contested in the Rajya Sabha too.

With the Centre and the Opposition hankering at the need or the unnessecity of its amendments, the common man is suffering.

Land Bill

Know more about the Bill

Here are the six pointers that will help readers analyse why and how the Bill has proved to be a point of contention among the rival political parties. While NDA justifies the necessities of re-promulgation of a new Land Ordinance, Congress scions believe that the blueprint of the new Bill is "incorrect and misleading".

Mr Ramesh had earlier said (in response to Gadkari's statement over neglecting the defence sector)," it is farcical to suggest that the Congress-led UPA overlooked the requirements for defence.

Had this been the case then no party would have supported the land acquisition Bill when it was being debated in Parliament. Acquisition for defence purposes has a special place in the law. Section 40 allows detailed exemptions for urgent situations and specifically accommodates acquisition carried out for defence."

Here are the six important facts you need to know about the Land Bill.

  •  Demanding amendments in the Act of 2013 (LARR Act, 2013) was the Right to Fair Compensation and Transparency in Land Acquisition, Rehabilitation and Resettlement (Amendment) Bill, 2015 seeks to Amend the Act of 2013 (LARR Act, 2013).
  •  Creates five special categories of land use, which include defence, affordable housing, rural infrastructure, industrial corridors, and infrastructure, other projects including Public Private Partnership (PPP) projects where the central government owns the land.
  •  The five categories are exempted from the provisions of the LARR Act, 2013. In this act, consent of 80 per cent of land owners are required for private projects and 70 per cent of land owners' consent are required for PPP projects.
  • Social Impact Assessment will not be required for these sectors. Restrictions on the acquisition of irrigated multi-cropped land imposed by LARR Act 2013 will also be held nullified.
  • The Bill brings provisions for compensation, rehabilitation, and resettlement under other related Acts such as the National Highways Act and the Railways Act in consonance with the LARR Act.
  • Acquisition of land by 'private companies' mentioned in LARR Act, 2013 will be changed to acquisition for ‘private entities', which may include companies, corporations and nonprofit organisations.

NDA's defence

Stating that the reforms in the land bill are essential and the "need of the hour", Union Minister M. Venkaiah Naidu insisted that all the political parties should help in passing them. Accusing that the Congress is opposing the bill for the sake of it, Naidu said that the reforms in the bill have been proposed with consultation of all the state heads, inclusing those run by the Congress government.

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