Bangalore, Jan 2: To protect the three local rare and unique flower species--Mysore Mallige (Jasmine), Udupi Mallige, and Hadagali Mallige—of Karnataka have been patented. The GI (Geographical Indication) status has provided excusive rights to the local community to cultivate these three crops and continue to grow for 10 years and more.
All the three flowers are household names in Karnataka and known around the world. The new status helps protect its commercial interest too. 'Three flowers Mysooru Mallige, Udupi Mallige and Hadagali Mallige along with Mysore betel leaf and Nanjangud bale (a variety of Banana) were registered under Intellectual Property Right (IPR)," said K.Ramakrishnappa, the Director of Horticulture. “Favorable weather condition have nurtured rare plant species and six out of ten plant species that have been registered under the intellectual property rights are from the State," K.Ramakrishnappa added.
Awareness of Genetic Programming is essential to protect rare plant species and the government is conducting workshop to create more platforms for individuals to discuss and patent rare species.
Karnataka has 411 Horticulture farms in the State, where information on these flowers by way of demonstration is given. The State government is actively promoting the cultivation of these rare species.
Mysore Mallige derives its name since it is grown mostly around Mysore and partly in Srirangapatna taluk in Mandya district. The uniqueness of this jasmine variety is its lingering fragrance. Besides, Mysore Mallige is grown in Hadagali and Udupi places.
Hadagali Mallige, locally known as “Vasane Mallige", is grown mainly in Hoovina Hadagali and surrounding areas in Bellary district.
However, the cultivation of Udupi Mallige is of relatively recent origin. Cultivation of this variety of jasmine started in Shankarapura in Udupi district about 100 years ago. The flower is in high demand in places such as Mumbai, besides the coastal region. These flowers have a long shelf life and can stay fresh for about three to four days in the bud condition.