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Why is India facing a power crisis

India is facing an acute shortage of power
The current power crisis is mainly on account of sharp decline in electricity generation from different fuel sources and not due to non-availability of domestic coal.
Many states, including Maharashtra are facing power outages due to shortage of coal, news agency.
In an interview to PTI, Coal Secretary A K Jain attributed the low coal stocks at power plants to several factors such as heightened power demand due to the boom in the economy post COVID-19
"It is not a coal crisis but a power demand-supply mismatch... The power demand has registered an upswing as the economy has bounced back, summers have arrived early and the price of gas and imported coal have shot up sharply," Jain said.
Jain added that a slew of measures are already under way to enhance total power supply in the country.
The gas-based power generation which has fallen drastically in the country has aggravated the crisis.
"Some of the thermal power plants in India were built along the coast so that imported coal could be used, brought from nearby countries like Indonesia.
With the sharp rise in the price of imported coal they have reduced the imports, Jain said.
The coastal thermal power plants are now generating around half of their capacity because of the sharp rise in the prices of imported coal. This has resulted in a gap between the demand and supply of electricity.