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Heat stroke vs. heat exhaustion: Causes, Symptoms, What to do?

As the weather gets warmer, know the difference between heat stroke and heat exhaustion.

Both heat stroke and heat exhaustion are caused by your body’s inability to cool itself.
Other causes of heat exhaustion and heat stroke include:
  • tight clothing
  • dehydration
  • wearing heavier,
  • consuming alcohol
Heat exhaustion symptoms :
  • general weakness  
  • increased heavy sweating   
  • a weak but faster pulse or heart rate  
  • nausea or vomiting  
  • possible fainting, lightheadedness, dizziness 
  • pale, cold, clammy skin
What to do:
Take a cool shower or use a cold compress to decrease body temperature 

hydrate with water or sports drinks      
move to a shaded or cool area      

seek medical treatment if vomiting continues  

remove any extra layers or unnecessary clothing, like shoes or socks   
Heat stroke symptoms:
  • elevated body temperature above 104°F (40°C)       
  • rapid and strong pulse or heart rate
  • loss or change of consciousness
  • hot, red, dry, or moist skin
What to do:

call for emergency treatment

move to a shaded or cool area

circulate air to speed up cooling

use a cold compress or cold, wet cloth to help lower body temperature lie down