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Yemen crisis: All need to know about ongoing turmoil and its geopolitical impact


Saudi Arabia has launched military operations in Yemen on Wednesday, as part of a coalition of over ten countries in response to a direct request from the legitimate government of Yemen. As the country, ridden with extremist groups, edges closer to civil war.

Yemen crisis: All you need to know

Situation turned chaotic in Yemen Houthi rebels took control of capital Sanaa in September 2014.

Who are Houthi rebels?

*Forces allied to Zaidi Shia rebels known as Houthis.

*They demand more rights for the Yemen's Zyadi Shia Muslims.

*They seized capital city Sana'a in September and advanced into central and western parts of the country where Sunni Muslims predominate.

*Al-Qaeda in the Arabian Peninsula (AQAP) has been opponent to both President Hadi and Houthis.

Beginning of latest crisis

*The Yemen crisis started when Houthis took control of capital Sanna in September 2014.

*They took control over capital city after four days of fighting with soldiers loyal to the government.

Arab strike aims

*It's aimed at stopping the advance of Shia Houthi militants who control the capital Sanaa, and the coastal city of Aden.

Read more: Yemen's Houthis-From broadminded to extremely aggressive

Houthis captured presidential palace

*Yemen's Shia Houthi rebels seized the presidential palace in January after it signed a ceasefire deal with the Yemeni government.

*Shia Houthi gunmen entered the palace along with members of the presidential committee that monitors the ceasefire.

*Yemen's President Abd-Rabbu Mansour Hadi flee to Aden.

*He described takeover of Sanaa as a "coup".

Sanaa mosques attack

*On March 20, Yemen went through violent attacks at the hands of terrorists linked to the so-called Islamic State (ISIS).

*The attack on the mosques during Friday prayers led to the deaths of 137 people, mostly worshipers.

*The responsibility was claimed by ISIS.

*These mosques were frequented by Shiite rebels.

*On 21 March, the US withdrew all its forces from Yemen, citing the deteriorating security situation as the reason.

*Indians in Yemen were also advised to take the first commercial flight out of the country.

President Hadi flee

*Yemen's President Abd-Rabbu Mansour Hadi left his refuge in Aden for Saudi Arabia on Thursday as Houthi rebels battled with his forces on the outskirts of the southern port city.

Yemen crisis impact

*Oil prices have surged after Saudi Arabian jets struck rebel targets in Yemen.

*It sparks fears that an escalating crisis in the country could threaten crude producers in the Middle East.

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