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Explained: What is Economic Survey and why is it important?


New Delhi, July 04: The Economic Survey for the year 2019 will be tabled in both the Houses of the Parliament, a day before Finance Minister Nirmala Sitharaman presents her maiden Budget on 5 July.

This year's edition will be presented on July 4 and it would be the first one to be presented under the leadership of the new CEA Krishnamurthy Subramanian. This will give the status of the annual economic development of the country.

Explained: What is Economic Survey and why is it important?

The survey also highlights policy initiatives of the government and a roadmap to further boost the economy.

Pakistan's economic growth expected to hit 3.3 percent

It also carries sectoral overviews and comments on reform measures that are required. The Survey also consists of detailed statistical data that covers macro and sectoral aspects of the Indian economy.

What is Economic Survey?

A flagship document of the finance ministry, the Economic Survey is a review of the developments in the Indian economy over the previous 12 months.

The survey serves as a policy guideline for the Union Budget. However, its recommendations are not binding on the government.

The survey prepared by Chief Economic Adviser Krishnamurthy Subramanian is likely to flag headwinds that the economy might face in its pursuit to become the world's fifth largest economy.

It is also likely to detail reforms road map needed to fulfil Modi's goal of more than doubling the size of the economy to USD 5 trillion by 2024.

Since 2015, the survey document comes in two parts. One part consists of commentary on the state of the economy, which is released before the Union Budget. The other part carries key economic statistics and data, which is tabled in July or August.

This split in the presentation took effect after the Union Budget was moved from the last working day of February to the first day of the month in 2017.

The Economic Survey serves as a useful policy document since it also contains policy ideas, key statistics on economic parameters and in-depth research on macro and sectoral trends.

Why Economic Survey is important?

It comes at a time when the economy is facing headwinds in manufacturing and agriculture sectors that saw growth rate slowing down to 5-year low of 5.8 per cent in the January-March quarter.

The Economic Survey, the annual report of the Indian economy for the year gone by (2018-19), also comes at a time when some critics said that the Modi government in its first term delivered a job less growth and it needed to re-invent to propel the economy and create jobs.

There are also concerns that the government might this year again slip on the fiscal deficit front given sluggish GST collections and lower-than-expected growth in direct taxes.

After breaching the Rs 1 lakh crore mark in goods and services tax (GST) collections for two consecutive months, indirect tax mop-up in June fell marginally to Rs 99,936 crore.

However, the average monthly collection for the April-June quarter stood at Rs 1.04 lakh crore, up by 7 per cent from the corresponding period of last year.

There are also concerns with regard to lower than expected direct tax collection due to slow down in the economy.

The survey comes weeks after Subramanian's predecessor Arvind Subramanian in a research paper claimed India was overestimating its economic growth rate by up to 2.5 percentage points.

The incumbent CEA has not commented on the findings of the research papers even as government bodies like EAC to the Prime Minister have not agreed with the conclusion.

Also questions have been raised on the credibility of the methodology of collecting data used to project macro economic numbers and the survey will be critically seen if it address these challenges.

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