Biography: Subhash Chandra Bose, an icon of patriotism
Netaji Subhas Chandra Bose, considered the most revered freedom fighter of India was born on January 23, 1879, in Cuttak.
His famous slogan "You give me blood, I'll give you Freedom" has continued to inspire many even today.
When Subhash Chandra Bose started schooling came out brilliant and scored top ranks throughout his study in school and university. He completed his BA in Philosophy with a first class score in 1918.
He was strongly influenced by Swami Vivekananda's teachings and was known for his patriotic zeal as a student. He also adored Vivekananda as his spiritual Guru.
Subhash Chandra Bose's father wanted him to become a civil servant and therefore, sent him to England to appear for the Indian Civil Service Examination. Bose was placed fourth with highest marks in English. But his urge for participating in the freedom movement was intense that in April 1921, Bose resigned from the coveted Indian Civil Service and came back to India.
He, later joined the Indian National Congress, and also elected as the president of the Youth wing party.
Bose had been a leader of the younger, radical, wing of the Indian National Congress in the late 1920s and 1930s, rising to become Congress President in 1938 and 1939. He was expelled from Congress leadership positions in 1939, following differences with Mohandas Karamchand Gandhi.
Bose always believed that non-violence would never be sufficient to secure independence and advocated violent resistance.
On the outbreak of the war Bose protested against Viceroy's decision to declare war on India as he advocated mass campaign of civil disobidience.
He escaped from India in 1941 and gone to Germany to work for India's independence.
Bose travelled to a number of countries, including Soviet Union, Nazi Germany and Imperial Japan, so as to seek alliance with each and to attack the British government in India.
In 1943, he came to Singapore to lead the Indian Independence league and re built Indan Azad Hind Fauj or Indan National Army.
Under his leadership, thousands of ex-prisoners and civilian volunteers from Malaya (Malaysia) and Burma joined the army, and together they fought to drive the British imperial rulers out of the country.
Along with the Japanese army they brought independence to Andaman and Nicobar Islands and came all the way to Manipur in India.
He established the Azad Hind Radio station in Germany and led the Indian nationalist movement in East Asia.
Sources reported that death of Subhash Chandra Bose was caused after his overloaded Japanese plane crashed and Bose suffered third degree burns. After his death several conspiracy theories surrounded his death.
Although it was believed that Netaji Subhash Chandra Bose died in a plane crash on 18 August 1945, his body was never recovered. There have been many theories put forward regarding his disappearance. The government of India has set up a number of committees to investigate the case and come out with truth.