The right-handed batsman from Saurashtra scored 202, but it was the 11 hours he spent at the pitch and the 525 balls he faced which grabbed the attention of the cricketing world.
Pujara became the first Indian to face more than 400 balls in a Test innings at home since VVS Laxman batted 452 deliveries during his 281-run knock against Australia during the Kolkata Test in 2001.
Pujara surpassed Rahul Dravid's record of facing 495 balls en route his 270 against Pakistan at Rawalpindi, which was the previous best by an Indian batsman - in terms of most balls faced.
It was Pujara's marathon knock and his 199-run partnership with Wriddhiman Saha which helped the Indian team reach 601/9 in whopping 210 overs.
On Tuesday (March 21) Pujara also climbed to the second spot in the latest ICC Test rankings after his patient knock.
After the match ended in a draw as the hosts couldn't bowl the visitors out in the second innings, there were some who blamed Pujara's slow innings as a reason for the drawn Test.
For drawn Tests are a rarity, the naysayers had someone to blame for and Pujara's slow and patient knock gave them an opportunity to point fingers at the batsman.
Here's how some people criticised Pujara for his slow innings:
Fan calls Pujara's batting as 'boring'
It was mean and boring innings, said an angry fan after India couldn't win the third Test.
Fan blames Pujara for drawn Test
Another fan blamed the Saurashtra batter as the match ended in a draw.
Pujara a match saver, said another fan
Another fan said Pujara is a match saver and not a match winner as India couldn't win the game.
Who should be blamed for drawn Test, asks a fan
A fan asked who should be blamed for the drawn Test against Australia.
Fan blames Pujara's innings
Another fan felt Pujara's slow knock was a reason why India couldn't win the game.
Memes on Pujara's marathon innings
This is how a fan reacted to Pujara's marathon innings at Ranchi.