On Tuesday, India defeated Sri Lanka by 117 runs to win the 3rd and final Test at Sinhalese Sports Club (SSC) in Colombo. With this, they won the series 2-1, ending a 22-year drought in the island nation. If India had won 3-0 they would have risen to number 2.
After the series, the rankings were updated by the International Cricket Council (ICC) and India have gained 3 ranking points.
"Fifth-placed India has closed the gap on neighbour Pakistan to a single point in the latest ICC Test Team Rankings following its 2-1 series triumph over Sri Lanka which concluded with a 117-run win in Colomboon Tuesday," ICC said in a media release.
"Virat Kohli's side went into the three-match series on 97 points and has gained three rankings points after coming from behind to win its first overseas Test series victory since 2011. Just three points now separates England (third on 102 points), Pakistan (fourth on 101) and India (fifth on 100), with New Zealand a further point back in sixth position," it added.
Angelo Mathews-led Sri Lanka, meanwhile, remain in 7th place but has dropped three rankings points.
ICC Test Rankings (as on 1 September, following Sri Lanka-India series)
(Read as Rank, Team, Points)
1 South Africa 125
2 Australia 106
3 England 102
4 Pakistan 101
5 India 100
6 New Zealand 99
7 Sri Lanka 89
8 West Indies 81
9 Bangladesh 47
10 Zimbabwe 5