A state government spokesperson said this was Vasundhara Raje's first formal meeting with Modi since he assumed office May 26.
During the meeting, she apprised Modi of various issues concerning her state.
Vasundhara Raje said Rajasthan was the biggest state of the country and it faces several challenges, including the security of the longest international border.
CM Raje also met Union ministers like Rajnath Singh, Arun Jaitley and Uma Bharti
She said the cost of development was more in desert areas, hilly areas and tribal regions and sought special assistance to improve infrastructure in villages.
Vasundhara Raje also met Home Minster Rajnath Singh, Finance Minister Arun Jaitley and Water Resources Minister Uma Bharti.
During her meeting with Rajnath Singh, she demanded additional central assistance for modernisation of the state police force.
In her meeting with Jaitley, the Rajasthan chief minister urged him to protect interests of the state while imposing the goods and services tax (GST).
Vasundhara Raje, during her meeting with Uma Bharti, demanded a special package under the Accelerated Irrigation Benefits Programme (AIBP) of the central government.
She also met Tourism and Culture Minister SY Naik and demanded a special package for the Tal Chhapar wildlife sanctuary in Churu district.