Abe's official visit to India will continue till January 27 at the invitation of his Indian counterpart Manmohan Singh.
An anti-nuclear activist group decided to stage a protest against Abe's visit
The two prime ministers met for the Annual Summit between India and Japan on Saturday.
The Japanese prime minister will also meet President Pranab Mukherjee.
Protest by anti-nuclear activist group
Coalition for Disarmament and Peace, Indian anti-nuclear activist group, gave a call to observe Saturday as a national day of protest against Japanese Prime Minister Shinzo Abe's visit to New Delhi as chief guest for this year's national Republic Day celebrations on Sunday.
Abe's visit will also see conclusion of the India-Japan nuclear agreement.
While anti-nuclear movements have been organised in places like Kudankulam, Jaitapur, Fatehabad, Kovvada, Mithi Virdi and Chutka, big cities like Delhi, Mumbai and Bangalore, too, were set to witness demonstrations by citizens groups.
The first phase of the series of protests was initiated at Azad Maidan in Mumbai on Friday.