Colombo, Aug 21: Prime Minister Ranil Wickremesinghe, a lawyer-turned politician, has been a vocal supporter of a political solution to the country's ethnic question and even initiated talks for a peace deal with the LTTE in 2002.
After winning the parliamentary polls this week, Wickremesinghe was today sworn-in as the Prime Minister for the fourth time in his political career spanning four decades during which he has held many important posts.
He has vowed to strengthen ties with India but has taken a tough stand on the fishermen issue as in March he stoked a controversy suggesting that Indian fishermen may be shot if they intruded into Sri Lankan waters.
Wickremesinghe, the nephew of Sri Lanka's first executive president Junius Jayewardene, was first appointed Prime Minister from 1993-1994 after the assassination of President Ranasinghe Premadasa.
He was also elected as the Prime Minister from 2001-2004 when the United National Front Government won the general elections in 2001. But he lost power in 2004, after Chandrika Kumaratunga called early elections.
During his term as Prime Minister, he began peace talks with the LTTE, even offering a power-sharing deal. Both Kumaratunga and Rajapaksa had accused him of being too lenient with LTTE and of offering them too many concessions.
When he assumed Prime Minister's office for the third time earlier this year, he pledged to devolve power to the country's Tamil minority, in a step towards national reconciliation six years after a military offensive crushed the LTTE.
Wickremesinghe, in his first address to parliament, had said lawmakers needed to bring a political conclusion to the conflict between government troops and LTTE.
"We will implement the 13th amendment within a unitary state," Wickremesinghe had said.
The 13th amendment envisages the devolution of powers to the provinces.
Born in 1949 after Sri Lanka gained independence from the British, Wickremesinghe was elected to Parliament in 1977 at the age of 28, having worked in the Youth League of the United National Party (UNP) from his university days.
As the youngest minister in Sri Lanka at the time, he held the post of Deputy Minister of Foreign Affairs under President Jayewardene. He was later appointed to the Cabinet as the Minister of Youth Affairs and Employment.
He has also held the portfolio of Education. Then in 1989, as a seasoned legislator, he was made the Leader of the House under President Premadasa. He has also served as the Minister of Industries, Science and Technology.