PM Modi arrived Qatar on a two-day visit on the second leg of his five-nation tour.
"Namaste Qatar! Its wheels down in Doha as PM Narendra Modi arrives for the second leg of his journey," External Affairs Ministry Spokesperson Vikas Swarup tweeted.
This is the second prime ministerial visit from India to Qatar in eight years after then Prime Minister Manmohan Singh's visit in 2008.
Modi flew in from Afghanistan, where earlier on Saturday, he, along with Afghan President Ashraf Ghani inaugurated the Afghan-India Friendship Dam, also known as Salma Dam, in the western province of Herat.
On Sunday, he will begin his engagements in Qatar with a meeting with business leaders following which he will hold a restricted meeting with Emir Tamim Bin Hamad Al Thani.