Islamabad, Dec 18: Worshippers at the infamous Red Mosque in the Pakistani capital Islamabad still gather in their hundreds for Friday prayers, but the fiery sermons calling for Sharia law led by hardline cleric Maulana Abdul Aziz are now a thing of the past.
The preacher, who once led a week-long armed conflict against Pakistan's army and has repeatedly called for the overthrow of the government, has now been muzzled by authorities - though technically he remains a free man and a revered figure among the Taliban.
It is this duality - where hardened resolve against groups such as the Taliban is blunted by a willingness to tolerate and even fan the flames of extremism still bubbling beneath society's surface - that activists say sums up the country's more than decade-long battle against a homegrown Islamist insurgency.
Official and public opinion was galvanised against the Pakistani Taliban in the wake of a massacre at a school in the northwestern city of Peshawar in December 2014 that left more than 150 dead - mainly children.
It was at the dun-coloured mosque at the centre of Pakistan's leafy capital that Muhammad Jibran Nasir, a 28- year-old lawyer, organised a demonstration in the wake of Aziz's refusal to condemn the attack.
That protest, which called for the cleric's arrest for inciting hate speech, snowballed into a nationwide movement among marginalised urban liberals who rallied to "Reclaim Pakistan" from the clutches of Islamist violence.
One year on and an army-led crackdown has put the country on course to see the fewest casualties linked to extremist attacks since 2007 - the year Aziz led his brief insurrection in the capital, which later became the catalyst for the formation of the umbrella Pakistani Taliban movement.
"The country was devoid of any road map for fighting these extremist forces, but now I think they have found their way," said security analyst Imtiaz Gul. According to Nasir, however, a military operation against extremists and government crackdown in the wake of the massacre have simply diverted attention from what lies beneath.
Meanwhile Kabul blames Pakistan's historical support for the Afghan Taliban prolonging much of the conflict wracking their country, and tensions drag on with India over disputed Kashmir and Islamabad's support for proxy groups there.
Activists have noted some improvement, particularly after the Supreme Court observed in October that calling for reform to controversial blasphemy legislation is not equivalent to committing blasphemy. But violence against those accused of blasphemy continues unabated, with hardliners inciting attacks that often target minorities.