PM Modi landed in Tajikistan on Sunday on the last leg of his of 6-nation tour. He was received by PM Qohir Rasulzoda.
He expressed his gratitude to PM Qohir Rasulzoda for the wonderful welcome.
Prime Minister Modi held detailed discussions with President Emomali Rahmon on regional, bilateral and international issues of mutual interest.
Modi, who flew into the Tajik capital from Kyrgyzstan on Sunday, was accorded a ceremonial reception before getting into talks on a wide range of issues with the Tajik leadership.
"We share deep historical, cultural and civilizational links. Tajikistan is nearest to India among all Central Asian countries. We are separated by a narrow corridor. Our linguistic links are the closest in Central Asia," said PM Modi.
"We have formed a deep bond on the basis of our shared aspirations for security and prosperity for our people, and peace and stability in our region."
India and Tajikistan have agreed to further strengthen defence cooperation. Both the countries have also decided to continue to support the aspirations of the Afghan people for a peaceful, stable and prosperous nation.
"We will work closely in international forums, including the United Nations, where we already support each other's initiatives. I conveyed appreciation for Tajikistan's continued support for India's candidature for permanent membership of a reformed UN Security Council."
PM Modi also expressed his gratitude towards the government of Tajikistan after unveiling a bust of Rabindranath Tagore in Dushanbe.