Security services were put on high alert after supporters of Morsi called for major protests outside the court and also across the city.
Morsi and 14 other Muslim Brotherhood figures are facing charges of inciting the killings of protesters in clashes outside the presidential palace last year. His supporters are demanding that he be reinstated back to the office, however chances of that look really bleak.
This is the second time in two years that an ousted President has been in court in Egypt.
Morsi and 14 other Muslim Brotherhood figures to face trial
Many fear that the trial may bring instability in the region, that has off late witnessed many protests and innocent deaths. Morsi has been kept at an undisclosed location since his ouster and was brought to court in a helicopter.
If found guilty, Morsi and other defendants could face life sentence or a death penalty, which could further worsen the country's situation.