Lima (Peru), Oct 11: Finance Minister Arun Jaitley has made a strong case for raising shareholding of developing nations including India in the World Bank Group to reflect their share in the global economy and demanded a significant hike in the capital to meet growing financing needs.
Stating that the demand for development finance continues to be very strong, he quoted a bank's report admitting inability to support elevated levels of lending beyond 2018.
IFC - an arm of the World Bank - is already capital constrained. Also, there is the additional challenge of mobilising over USD 100 billion per year for climate finance.
Speaking at the Plenary Meeting of the Development Committee here, he emphasised the need for bigger financing and implementation plans by the World Bank Group to achieve the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs).
India, he said, expects a dynamic formula for shareholding of World Bank to be finalised by Annual Meeting 2016. The formula should incorporate "elements which help enhance the voice, role and voting share of the developing countries and reflect their increased share in global GDP and their contribution to building the bank's reserves," he said.
Jaitley said as the share of the developing and transitioning countries in the world GDP increases from 39 per cent in 2008-2010 to 49 per cent in 2013-15, "the shareholding realignment should reflect the same and be completed by 2017."
Development Committee is the ministerial-level forum of the World Bank Group and the IMF for intergovernmental consensus-building on development issues.
Jaitley represented the constituency consisting of the countries -- Sri Lanka, Bangladesh, Bhutan and India. India, Bangladesh and Bhutan are early dividend countries and are taking steps to leverage their demographic transition to achieve SDGs, he said.
"The Executive Directors and the Bank should make an objective assessment of the financing needs of the SDGs. I am sure such assessment would call for a significant increase in the capital of the World Bank Group to meet the developmental objectives," he said."I would like these resources to be mobilised from new and additional sources and not at the cost of ODA for poverty and shared prosperity goals. The IBRD financing which is non-concessional and does not flow from the donor resources should not get accounted for in 100 billion flow," he said.
Economic Affairs Secretary Shaktikanta Das, who also attended the IMF-World Bank annual meeting here tweeted, "India called for governance reforms in both institutions to reflect growing share of developing countries in global GDP."